Monday, May 25, 2020

Short, Energizing Inspirational Quotes

Its true—good things often come in small packages. And short quotes are popular among those looking for inspiration. The reason for this is fairly obvious. Short quotes make a strong impact on listeners. The messages are crisply worded, to the point, and unforgettable. These quotes leave little room for misinterpretation. Why Short Doses of Inspiration Work Like Magic Often you wake up to a not-so-glorious day. Your boss is breathing down your neck, your child is throwing a tantrum, and your mother-in-law annoys you with her valuable advice on parenting yet again. You badly want to run away from this mad world but you cant. So how do you handle the stress? There are many stress-busting solutions, from getting a relaxing massage to listening to a spiritual sermon. But some solutions may be impractical. A quick and easy way  to calm those frayed nerves is to read some inspirational quotes, particularly ones that are short and to the point. These quotes leave a lot of room for interpretation and motivate you to ponder over your actions and thoughts. Write them in a journal, on your calendar, or scribble them on sticky notes and slap them on the fridge—anywhere where their message will imprint on your brain, and turn thought into action. Here are a few from some of our most inspirational voices to help you shift your perspective, think big, and believe in yourself: Henry David Thoreau Its not what you look at that matters, its what you see.   Malcolm Forbes Failure is success if we learn from it.   Simone Weil I can, therefore I am.   Tom Peters If you’re not confused, you’re not paying attention. Lewis Carroll Everything’s got a moral, if only you can find it. George Harrison It’s all in the mind.   Josà © Saramago Chaos is merely order waiting to be deciphered.   Edmund Hillary ​It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves. Walt Disney If you dream it, you can do it.   Michel de Montaigne ​Ambition is not a vice of little people.   Antoine de Saint-Exupery A goal without a plan is just a wish. John Muir The power of imagination makes us infinite.   Albert Einstein ​Great ideas often receive violent opposition from mediocre minds.   Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ​A clever man commits no minor blunders.   Pablo Picasso ​Everything you can imagine is real.   Marsha Norman Dreams are illustrations from the book your soul is writing about you.   John F. Kennedy ​Those who dare to fail miserably can achieve greatly.   Aristotle Hope is a waking dream.   Eleanor Roosevelt ​You must do the thing you think you cannot do. Dorothy Bernard Courage is fear that has said its prayers.   Oprah Winfrey ​Turn your wounds into wisdom.   Coco Chanel ​The most courageous act is still to think for yourself. Aloud. Ray Bradbury Life is trying things to see if they work.   Robert Frost ​The best way out is always through.   Dolly Parton Find out who you are and do it on purpose. Ralph Waldo Emerson Adopt the pace of nature. Her secret is patience.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

16th Century The Technology, Science, and Inventions

The 16th century was a time of unprecedented change that saw the very beginning of the modern era of science, great exploration, religious and political turmoil, and extraordinary literature. In 1543, Copernicus published his theory that the earth was not the center of the universe, but rather, that the Earth and the other planets orbited around the sun. Called the Copernican Revolution, his theory forever changed astronomy, and ultimately changed all of science. During the  16th century, advancements were also made in the theories of mathematics, cosmography, geography, and natural history. In this century inventions related to the fields of engineering, mining, navigation, and the military arts were prominent. 1500–1509 In 1500, the wheel-lock musket was invented, a firearm device that could be fired by a single individual, ushering in a new form of warfare. Renaissance artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci began painting his Mona Lisa in 1503, and finished it three years later; in 1508, Michaelangelo began painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome. The first reported enslaved person is described in the Americas in 1502; and in 1506, Genovese explorer Christopher Columbus, discoverer of that New World, died in Valladolid,  Spain. 1510–1519 The Renaissance continued to fire up the modern artists and technicians during this second decade. In 1510, Da Vinci designed the horizontal water wheel; and in Nuremberg, Germany Peter Henlein invented the first portable pocket watch. The Swiss artist Urs Graf invented etching in his studio in 1513, and the same year Machiavelli wrote The Prince. The Protestant Reformation began in 1517 when firebrand Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on a church door in Saxony. The year 1519 saw the death of Da Vinci in Amboise, France, at the age of 67; the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan left Seville on August 10, 1519, to explore the globe; and Charles I, King of Spain, became the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. 1520–1529 In 1521, two years after he left Seville, Magellan was killed in the Philippines; only 18 of his 270 shipmates made it home to Spain. In 1527, Charles V took his army and sacked Rome, ending the Italian Renaissance. 1530–1539 In 1531, King Henry VIII broke away from Rome and created the Church of England, naming himself the head of the church, and beginning decades of political upheaval; he had his second wife Anne Boleyn beheaded in London in 1536. The Ottoman Empire captured Baghdad in 1534. In 1532, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca Empire in South America. The city of Buenos Aires in what would become Argentina was founded in 1536. 1540–1549 The Polish astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus published his blasphemous theory that the earth and planets revolved around the sun in 1543; King Henry VIII died in England in 1547. The Ming Dynasty government of China led by Zhu Houcong, the Jiajing Emperor, closed the nation to all foreign trade in 1548. 1550–1559 The political disruption led by Henry VIII continued after this death. In 1553, his daughter Mary Tudor, known as Bloody Mary, became queen regent of England and restored the Church of England to papal authority. But in 1558, after Mary died Henrys daughter by Anne Boleyn, her half-sister Elizabeth Tudor became Queen Elizabeth I, beginning the Elizabethan Era, widely regarded as the pinnacle of the English Renaissance. 1560–1569 The 1560s saw the resurgence of the bubonic plague, which killed 80,000 people in England in 1563, 20,000 in London alone. English essayist Francis Bacon was born in London  in 1561, and playwright William Shakespeare was born on Stratford-on-Avon in 1564. That same year, Italian scientist and inventor Galileo Galilei was born in Florence, Italy. A graphite pencil was invented by the German-Swiss naturalist Conrad Gesner in 1565; bottled beer appeared in London pubs in 1568, and Gerardus Mercator invented the Mercator map projection in 1569. 1570–1579 In 1571, Pope Pious  V established Holy League to combat Ottoman Turks; and in 1577 English explorer Francis Drake began his voyage around the world. 1580–1589 In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII established the Gregorian calendar, which remains in use, with some modifications, to this day.  In 1585, the Colony of Roanoke was established by English settlers in territory that would later become Virginia.  Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed as a traitor by Queen Elizabeth I in 1587. In 1588, England resoundingly defeated the Spanish Armada, and in 1589, Englishman William Lee invented the knitting machine called the stocking frame. 1590–1599 In the Netherlands, Zacharias Janssen invented the compound microscope in 1590; Galileo invented the water thermometer in 1593. In1596, Rene Descartes, future philosopher, and mathematician, was born in France; and the first flush toilets appeared, invented and built for Queen Elizabeth I.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Alcohol and Drugs are Passed from Parents to Children

Children are introduced to drugs and alcohol at a very young age. Many of them see alcohol and drugs in their homes, used by their parents on daily bases. Some of these children dont even realize that it is wrong, not normal, and not accepted in other homes until they are old enough to understand that situation in their home is a problem and that it is wrong. Minors usually begin using alcohol at around age 13. Statistics show that by the time they are high school sinners, 81 percent of teens have used alcohol. Alcohol consumption and alcohol abuse are more widespread among young people than many adults realize. According to Websters New World Medical Dictionary, 3rd Edition, â€Å"Addiction is a chronic relapsing condition characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and abuse and by long-lasting chemical changes in the brain. Addiction is the same irrespective of whether the drug is alcohol, amphetamines, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, or nicotine. Every addictive substance induces pleasant states or relieves distress. Continue use of addictive substances induces adaptive changes in the brain that lead to tolerance, physical dependence, uncontrollable craving and, all too often, relapse. Dependence is at such a point that stopping is very difficult and causes severe physical and mental damage from withdrawal (WILLIAM C. SHIEL JR., 2008). Over the past two decades, many researchers have identified subgroups of alcohol and drug user based in similarities like drinking styleShow MoreRelatedSubstance Use Disorders ( Suds )1720 Words   |  7 Pagesdetermined that children raised by substance using parents are at an increased risk for developing substance use disorders (SUDs) in adulthood as a result of familial dissemination of substance abuse through both the environments in which the children are raised and genetic susceptibility (Merikangas et al., 1998; Merikangas Avenevoli, 2000). Unfortunately, there is an insignificant amount of literature examining the effects that the combined treatment and recovery of substance abusing parents has on theRead MoreThe Social Problem Of Teenage Drinking725 Words   |  3 Pageshow dangerous alcohol can be. Although the health risks of heavy drinking are known and understood, the social habit continues to be accepted as a cultural norm. Is it surprising then, that the young peop le are beginning to drink at school ages. The reality is that alcohol is often the cause of many problems among these teenagers. Simply put, alcohol ruins many young people’s lives, and is now of the most serious problems young people face. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and HealthRead MoreCAPA Case Analysis803 Words   |  4 Pagesimprove foster care for children and permanent placement (Myers, 2008). CAPTA paved the way for all these policies to exist. Social Overview Over history there has been much debate by Americans on the role of the state with children’s well-being. However, The United Nations created the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959, which gave rights to children (Moody, 2015). In the 1960s the civil rights laws were passed. With the passing of the Declaration of Rights of Children and the civil rightsRead MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On Teen Substance1033 Words   |  5 PagesMost parents believe that it is just either school or friends as to why teenagers get into drugs and alcohol (Impact of Social Media on Teen Substance). The one thing parents do not think about at to why their teenager is involved in drugs and alcohol is social media, and it could be a big reason (Impact of Social Media on Teen Substance). Parents talk to their children on how to make the right decision related to drugs and alcohol, but forget they need to address how to make right decisions onRead MoreWhen I Say That Biological Factors Play A Key Role In The1714 Words   |  7 Pagesinheritance so research has found to be most promising through family history. â€Å"That is, it can be passed down from parent to child by way of genes.† (LEARN.GENETICS.UTAH.EDU) DNA comparison is key and what scientists will look for are genes that are common among those who do suffer from the addiction disease and at the same time are less frequent among those who do not. The progress that has been made from research on addiction has come as far as it has with the use animal models; mice. Our functionsRead MoreA Brief Note On Overcoming The Family Addiction974 Words   |  4 Pagesbe. My aunt overcame a family built on drug addiction. Her name is Tina Bree Prioleau. In order to be successful regardless of your background, you need to understand what is important to you, to recognize your weaknesses without hiding behind them, to strive for greatness as well as open new doors in life. First off let me tell you a little more about Tina B. Prioleau. Tina was born July 25, 1989 to Carol Thomas. She was the youngest out of three children an older sister, Brandyce Prioleau, andRead MoreKeeping secrets1746 Words   |  7 PagesThere are many reasons why a parent or an adult uses physical abuse on a child. The parents or adult could have come from an abusive home himself or herself. If that is all that the adult was taught growing up, then that is all he or she is going to know. This is what makes it possible for it to be passed down to their children and their children will pass it down to their children. It is an endless chain of abuse. Alcohol and drugs play a big role in child abuse. The parents are already stressed outRead MoreAddiction essay summary1093 Words   |  5 PagesTeens all across the world are facing addiction; they are becoming addicted to drugs and alcohol. It’s happening right under our noses whether they are getting it from their house, groc ery stores amp; pharmacies, even at schools and parties. Teen addiction comes with a lot of consequences anywhere from jail time to even death. It is important to watch for signs such as blood shot eyes, knowing how to prevent it from happening in your teens life, find out all the treatment plans for you teen if itRead MoreTeenagers and Drug Abuse Essay1613 Words   |  7 Pageswho struggle with drug addiction began experimenting with drugs in their teens. Teenage drug abuse is one of the largest problems in society today and the problem grows and larger every year. Drugs are a pervasive force in our culture today. To expect kids not to be influenced by the culture of their time is as unrealistic as believing in the tooth fairy (Bauman 140). Teens may feel pressured by their friends to try drugs, they may have easy access to drugs, they may use drugs to rebel againstRead MoreThe Influence Of Technology On Teenagers1246 Words   |  5 PagesDo Technology deceives affect Teenage rs? Should parents limit how much time children spend on technology devices? Technology forms the growing mind. The younger the mind, the more adaptable it is, the younger the technology, the more unproven it is. The young minds and lives will improve, society gains, and education will be changed for the better. This experiment involves children getting using technology at school and/or at home in belief that technology will improve the aspect of learning and

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Criminal Investigations Chapter free essay sample

In addition, Pinker created what was allied the rogues gallery which detailed the names and operations of known criminals and their associates. During the European Industrial Revolution, thief catchers (now known as informants, snitches, and a variety of other names) were hired to help law enforcement catch criminals, a practice which is obviously still In use today. In addition, thief catchers were also criminals In their own right, which made it easier to infiltrate the targeted criminals.In eighteenth century Paris, a personal identification system, known as the Brillion System, became the first yester based on the Idea that human characteristics such skeleton size and eye color were the same throughout a persons life. In the rand eighteenth century, the study of fingerprints became a popular way to identify crime suspects. They did not learn until the turn of the century that each persons fingerprints were unique and could not be changed. Scotland yard, founded In the early eighteenth century, was the model that the FBI modeled Itself after Initially.All of these are examples In which criminal investigations of today have been influenced, directly and indirectly, by the east and the progress that has been made in the time that has gone by since then. 2. Q: Discuss ways In which the media have affected our perceptions of the reality of criminal Investigation. A: As with any field outside the scope of the public arena, the medias perspective on crime investigation is almost entirely responsible for the perceptions of the general public because the media has a much larger audience.Rather than studying the topic, the general public chooses to get their Information from the media. A fantastic example of how the public gains Information about rimming investigation in particular, is known as the CSS effect. In recent years, numerous TV shows based on the roles and duties of law enforcement and crime scene Investigators have received very high ratings from their viewing audience, thereby creating a considerable amount of Interest In the field of forensic science.Of course, these shows are rarely ever based on reality, and people often form assumptions about the capacity and range of law enforcements abilities regarding investigations, and the Idea that law enforcement has virtually unlimited resources. However, In reality, law enforcement Is very Limited as to what they are able to do In comparison with the space-age type of investigation tools and techniques used on television. There is much more bureaucratic red tape, and the technologies displayed on television simply do not exist.In addition, the CSS effect gives the inaccurate Impression that every crime Is given individualized attention, and that each crime Is solved quickly using the latest In technological advances. Again, the advances used on television do not exist in the real world, and the volume of cases in the real world OFF each of them in a timely fashion. In reality, many crimes go unsolved, many take a long time to solve, and there is simply not enough time in a day to fixate each individual crime where there are so much more than need the attention of law enforcement. 3.Q: Discuss the role of the FBI and how it has changed criminal investigation over the years. A: The official role of the FBI is to protect the US from terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce laws of the US, and to provide aid and services to other law enforcement agencies. The FBI investigates crimes after hey happen, and employs numerous measures to prevent crime. In 1929, the FBI introduced the I-JAR crime report, which collects information on serious crimes reported to law enforcement. These crimes include homicide, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.Among the categories of crime investigated are terrorism, espionage, government corruption, organized crime, white collar crime, violent crimes, and major thefts. The FBI has made vast progress in the field of investigation by introducing methods of identifying suspects, such as fingerprinting. The FBI also uses expert systems, which are computer models used to profile certain types of criminals. One of them is the system used by the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, which develops investigative strategies based on theories which are formed from the criminal profiles which are dependent on the findings of computer models.Many of these system specialize in one area of expertise, such blood serum analysis, counterterrorism, and so forth. One more development by the FBI which drastically hanged how it conducts investigations was the development of what are known as relational databases which have the ability to quickly and efficiently sort large quantities of records and information. The most widely known of these databases was known as Big Floyd, which the FBI used for many years.Since the creation of Big Floyd, there have been massive and unprecedented improvements to such databases to adapt to more modern problems. In 1999, the national sex offender registry, which was created as part of an upgrade of the Bis current computer systems, was introduced to the internet. Yet another system the FBI has used in its investigations is face recognition technology, called leaner, has been used to age photographs of missing children to give investigators and law enforcement of good idea of what the child would look like after all the time the child has been missing.A similar system is being used by police sketch artists to draw sketches or suspects. All of these are more are Just some of the advances and improvements made in the criminal investigations field since the creation of the FBI. 4. Q: List and discuss promising developments in criminal investigation technology hat have emerged in recent years. A: As mentioned previously, numerous computer systems exist today to aid law enforcement in investigations. These are called smart systems and relational databases.Among these systems are the national sex offender registry; leaner, which age photographs of missing children to help locate them years after theyve gone missing; the Total Information Awareness information sorting and pattern matching software to sort through numerous government and business databases in an attempt to identify suspected terror wreaths; and another promising new piece of technology is called the Combat Zones That SEE program, which is being developed for military use on foreign soil, which will build a large surveillance system by networking existing cameras from numerous popular and frequented surveillance points such as parking lots and train platforms, which send images to highly advanced computer processors which are capable of recognizing suspects by physical characteristics such as eyes, hair color, facial features, body language, etc. 5. Q: Explain the differences between proactive and reactive investiga tions. A: The differences between the two types of investigations are the same differences between proactive and reactive reasoning. Reactive investigations are those that are conducting after the commission of a crime; for example, inspecting a murder victim for fibers the killer may have left behind in an attempt to create a profile of the kind of person who committed the murder. Other parts of the reactive investigation include interviewing witnesses, and using the evidence found at the crime to at least attempt to identify and/or arrest the suspected perpetrator. Proactive investigations, n the other hand, are investigations conducted before a crime is committed because a crime has been anticipated, and the suspected perpetrator has already been identified before the crime has been committed. This is typical in sting operations, and when informants have contacted law enforcement to provide information on a crime they have received from a third party. The informant may know the suspect personally, and the suspect may have even directly stated the crime he or she was planning to commit. In some instances, such investigations likely assist in preventing heretical future crimes from occurring. 6. Q: Discuss the various types of criminal investigations.A: Among the types of investigations that criminal investigators regularly conduct are background investigations, which are used in pre-employment applicant screenings to determine whether a person is suitable and qualified for a position in which the public trust will be placed on their shoulders; Suspected violations of criminal law, which can range from something as simple as possession of illegal drugs or stolen property, to something as serious as terrorism and murder; violations f civil law, which are investigated to determine financial liability on the part of the defendant, and Vice, which is drug activity and organized crime activity. The crime scene unit provides services such as crime processing, identifying fingerprints, and forensic photos. This unit responds to serious crime scenes to find, preserve, document, and collect evidence. This unit also helps identify unknown victims, suspects, witnesses, etc. , and works closely with the detective bureau in follow up investigations, in addition to suspect location, apprehension and arrest.

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Untitled Essay Research Paper Jennifer Loughery free essay sample

Untitled Essay, Research Paper Jennifer Loughery Back in the center of October, the monetary value of natural-gas had risen because a gas company was forced to close down a grapevine due to the demand for fixs. This impending deficit led to the lessening in monetary values for other warming trade goods, as good as larger net incomes. The demand for energy was going greater and greater because it was that clip of twelvemonth when consumers began hive awaying energy in their places to fix for the cold winter months in front. The four trade goods mentioned in this article, petroleum oil, warming oil, gasolene and natural gas are all replacements for one another. This is true because the cross snap of demand states that as the per centum alteration in the measure demanded of one trade good consequences from a one per centum alteration in the monetary value of another trade good. We will write a custom essay sample on Untitled Essay Research Paper Jennifer Loughery or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In other words, the addition in demand for rough oil, gasolene, and heating oil was the result of the monetary value addition in natural gas. As shown in the graph below, the cross snap of demand is direct ( positive ) . As the monetary value of natural additions, the measure demanded for the three other energy trade goods addition. The market system today maps on monetary value. Consumers do their determination on what to purchase by the monetary value of their desired good. Naturally, consumers will take the lower monetary value of a trade good they wish to buy. This is why consumers, desiring to heat their places, chose to heat them with natural-gas # 8217 ; s substitutes ( rough oil, warming oil, or gasolene ) instead than the natural-gas, the higher priced trade good. The trade good, energy, is something that people can non travel without during the winter months. If their is a deficit, which means that consumers demand more than the available supply, it leads to an addition in monetary value. As shown in the graph below, as the supply decreases, the monetary value additions. This agencies that the monetary value is inelastic. This is true because as the monetary value of the trade good is increased, the entire sum spent on the trade good will increase besides. The monetary value mechanism reflects scarceness, which is stated as the greater demand for a good, energy, ( because of the desire to hive away it for the colder months in front ) with the same supply of that good going scarce ensuing in a higher monetary value. Consumer # 8217 ; s demand for energy alterations with the seasons. For illustration, the demand for energy in the summer is likely really low. The demand for energy in the autumn will be higher because consumers begin hive awaying it for the winter. And during the winter months the demand is high, where as during the spring months the demand decreases from the other months. This trade good is greatly influenced by the clime and the type of part consumers live in. For illustration, people in Florida do non hold the same type of energy measure as the people in Pennsylvania do. The market of a trade good is determined by many things, one of those being the nature of the trade good # 8217 ; s monetary values, which is influenced by the demand of that peculiar trade good. For the trade good, energy consumers can see that the measure demanded is really sensitive to alterations in monetary values. And factors such as clime and the part in which they live underlie the market demand curve for this trade good. Jennifer Loughery 082970 Introductory to Micro-Economics 1011-107 Dr. Pryor November 25, 1996. Back in the center of October, the monetary value of natural-gas had risen because a gas company was forced to close down a grapevine due to the demand for fixs. This impending deficit led to the lessening in monetary values for other warming trade goods, as good as larger net incomes. The demand for energy was going greater and greater because it was that clip of twelvemonth when consumers began hive awaying energy in their places to fix for the cold winter months in front. The four trade goods mentioned in this article, petroleum oil, warming oil, gasolene and natural gas are all replacements for one another. This is true because the cross snap of demand states that as the per centum alteration in the measure demanded of one trade good consequences from a one per centum alteration in the monetary value of another trade good. In other words, the addition in demand for rough oil, gasolene, and heating oil was the result of the monetary value addition in natural gas. As shown in the graph below, the cross snap of demand is direct ( positive ) . As the monetary value of natural additions, the measure demanded for the three other energy trade goods addition. The market system today maps on monetary value. Consumers do their determination on what to purchase by the monetary value of their desired good. Naturally, consumers will take the lower monetary value of a trade good they wish to buy. This is why consumers, desiring to heat their places, chose to heat them with natural-gas # 8217 ; s substitutes ( rough oil, warming oil, or gasolene ) instead than the natural-gas, the higher priced trade good. The trade good, energy, is something that people can non travel without during the winter months. If their is a deficit, which means that consumers demand more than the available supply, it leads to an addition in monetary value. As shown in the graph below, as the supply decreases, the monetary value additions. This agencies that the monetary value is inelastic. This is true because as the monetary value of the trade good is increased, the entire sum spent on the trade good will increase besides. The monetary value mechanism reflects scarceness, which is stated as the greater demand for a good, energy, ( because of the desire to hive away it for the colder months in front ) with the same supply of that good going scarce ensuing in a higher monetary value. Consumer # 8217 ; s demand for energy alterations with the seasons. For illustration, the demand for energy in the summer is likely really low. The demand for energy in the autumn will be higher because consumers begin hive awaying it for the winter. And during the winter months the demand is high, where as during the spring months the demand decreases from the other months. This trade good is greatly influenced by the clime and the type of part consumers live in. For illustration, people in Florida do non hold the same type of energy measure as the people in Pennsylvania do. The market of a trade good is determined by many things, one of those being the nature of the trade good # 8217 ; s monetary values, which is influenced by the demand of that peculiar trade good. For the trade good, energy consumers can see that the measure demanded is really sensitive to alterations in monetary values. And factors such as clime and the part in which they live underlie the market demand curve for this trade good. Jennifer Loughery 082970 Introductory to Micro-Economics 1011-107 Dr. Pryor November 25, 1996. Back in the center of October, the monetary value of natural-gas had risen because a gas company was forced to close down a grapevine due to the demand for fixs. This impending deficit led to the lessening in monetary values for other warming trade goods, as good as larger net incomes. The demand for energy was going greater and greater because it was that clip of twelvemonth when consumers began hive awaying energy in their places to fix for the cold winter months in front. The four trade goods mentioned in this article, petroleum oil, warming oil, gasolene and natural gas are all replacements for one another. This is true because the cross snap of demand states that as the per centum alteration in the measure demanded of one trade good consequences from a one per centum alteration in the monetary value of another trade good. In other words, the addition in demand for rough oil, gasolene, and heating oil was the result of the monetary value addition in natural gas. As shown in the graph below, the cross snap of demand is direct ( positive ) . As the monetary value of natural additions, the measure demanded for the three other energy trade goods addition. The market system today maps on monetary value. Consumers do their determination on what to purchase by the monetary value of their desired good. Naturally, consumers will take the lower monetary value of a trade good they wish to buy. This is why consumers, desiring to heat their places, chose to heat them with natural-gas # 8217 ; s substitutes ( rough oil, warming oil, or gasolene ) instead than the natural-gas, the higher priced trade good. The trade good, energy, is something that people can non travel without during the winter months. If their is a deficit, which means that consumers demand more than the available supply, it leads to an addition in monetary value. As shown in the graph below, as the supply decreases, the monetary value additions. This agencies that the monetary value is inelastic. This is true because as the monetary value of the trade good is increased, the entire sum spent on the trade good will increase besides. The monetary value mechanism reflects scarceness, which is stated as the greater demand for a good, energy, ( because of the desire to hive away it for the colder months in front ) with the same supply of that good going scarce ensuing in a higher monetary value. Consumer # 8217 ; s demand for energy alterations with the seasons. For illustration, the demand for energy in the summer is likely really low. The demand for energy in the autumn will be higher because consumers begin hive awaying it for the winter. And during the winter months the demand is high, where as during the spring months the demand decreases from the other months. This trade good is greatly influenced by the clime and the type of part consumers live in. For illustration, people in Florida do non hold the same type of energy measure as the people in Pennsylvania do. The market of a trade good is determined by many things, one of those being the nature of the trade good # 8217 ; s monetary values, which is influenced by the demand of that peculiar trade good. For the trade good, energy consumers can see that the measure demanded is really sensitive to alterations in monetary values. And factors such as clime and the part in which they live underlie the market demand curve for this trade good. Jennifer Loughery 082970 Introductory to Micro-Economics 1011-107 Dr. Pryor November 25, 1996. Back in the center of October, the monetary value of natural-gas had risen because a gas company was forced to close down a grapevine due to the demand for fixs. This impending deficit led to the lessening in monetary values for other warming trade goods, as good as larger net incomes. The demand for energy was going greater and greater because it was that clip of twelvemonth when consumers began hive awaying energy in their places to fix for the cold winter months in front. The four trade goods mentioned in this article, petroleum oil, warming oil, gasolene and natural gas are all replacements for one another. This is true because the cross snap of demand states that as the per centum alteration in the measure demanded of one trade good consequences from a one per centum alteration in the monetary value of another trade good. In other words, the addition in demand for rough oil, gasolene, and heating oil was the result of the monetary value addition in natural gas. As shown in the graph below, the cross snap of demand is direct ( positive ) . As the monetary value of natural additions, the measure demanded for the three other energy trade goods addition. The market system today maps on monetary value. Consumers do their determination on what to purchase by the monetary value of their desired good. Naturally, consumers will take the lower monetary value of a trade good they wish to buy. This is why consumers, desiring to heat their places, chose to heat them with natural-gas # 8217 ; s substitutes ( rough oil, warming oil, or gasolene ) instead than the natural-gas, the higher priced trade good. The trade good, energy, is something that people can non travel without during the winter months. If their is a deficit, which means that consumers demand more than the available supply, it leads to an addition in monetary value. As shown in the graph below, as the supply decreases, the monetary value additions. This agencies that the monetary value is inelastic. This is true because as the monetary value of the trade good is increased, the entire sum spent on the trade good will increase besides. The monetary value mechanism reflects scarceness, which is stated as the greater demand for a good, energy, ( because of the desire to hive away it for the colder months in front ) with the same supply of that good going scarce ensuing in a higher monetary value. Consumer # 8217 ; s demand for energy alterations with the seasons. For illustration, the demand for energy in the summer is likely really low. The demand for energy in the autumn will be higher because consumers begin hive awaying it for the winter. And during the winter months the demand is high, where as during the spring months the demand decreases from the other months. This trade good is greatly influenced by the clime and the type of part consumers live in. For illustration, people in Florida do non hold the same type of energy measure as the people in Pennsylvania do. The market of a trade good is determined by many things, one of those being the nature of the trade good # 8217 ; s monetary values, which is influenced by the demand of that peculiar trade good. For the trade good, energy consumers can see that the measure demanded is really sensitive to alterations in monetary values. And factors such as clime and the part in which they live underlie the market demand curve for this trade good. Jennifer Loughery 082970 Introductory to Micro-Economics 1011-107 Dr. Pryor November 25, 1996. Back in the center of October, the monetary value of natural-gas had risen because a gas company was forced to close down a grapevine due to the demand for fixs. This impending deficit led to the lessening in monetary values for other warming trade goods, as good as larger net incomes. The demand for energy was going greater and greater because it was that clip of twelvemonth when consumers began hive awaying energy in their places to fix for the cold winter months in front. The four trade goods mentioned in this article, petroleum oil, warming oil, gasolene and natural gas are all replacements for one another. This is true because the cross snap of demand states that as the per centum alteration in the measure demanded of one trade good consequences from a one per centum alteration in the monetary value of another trade good. In other words, the addition in demand for rough oil, gasolene, and heating oil was the result of the monetary value addition in natural gas. As shown in the graph below, the cross snap of demand is direct ( positive ) . As the monetary value of natural additions, the measure demanded for the three other energy trade goods addition. The market system today maps on monetary value. Consumers do their determination on what to purchase by the monetary value of their desired good. Naturally, consumers will take the lower monetary value of a trade good they wish to buy. This is why consumers, desiring to heat their places, chose to heat them with natural-gas # 8217 ; s substitutes ( rough oil, warming oil, or gasolene ) instead than the natural-gas, the higher priced trade good. The trade good, energy, is something that people can non travel without during the winter months. If their is a deficit, which means that consumers demand more than the available supply, it leads to an addition in monetary value. As shown in the graph below, as the supply decreases, the monetary value additions. This agencies that the monetary value is inelastic. This is true because as the monetary value of the trade good is increased, the entire sum spent on the trade good will increase besides. The monetary value mechanism reflects scarceness, which is stated as the greater demand for a good, energy, ( because of the desire to hive away it for the colder months in front ) with the same supply of that good going scarce ensuing in a higher monetary value. Consumer # 8217 ; s demand for energy alterations with the seasons. For illustration, the demand for energy in the summer is likely really low. The demand for energy in the autumn will be higher because consumers begin hive awaying it for the winter. And during the winter months the demand is high, where as during the spring months the demand decreases from the other months. This trade good is greatly influenced by the clime and the type of part consumers live in. For illustration, people in Florida do non hold the same type of energy measure as the people in Pennsylvania do. The market of a trade good is determined by many things, one of those being the nature of the trade good # 8217 ; s monetary values, which is influenced by the demand of that peculiar trade good. For the trade good, energy consumers can see that the measure demanded is really sensitive to alterations in monetary values. And factors such as clime and the part in which they live underlie the market demand curve for this trade good.

Monday, March 9, 2020

The significance of Martin Luther and the protestant reformation in history of western civilization

The significance of Martin Luther and the protestant reformation in history of western civilization Introduction Martin Luther is one of the greatest men known in history for the many developments he made. Among these developments is the protestant reformation (Bainton 44). In this reformation, Martin Luther strongly opposed the notion that people could free themselves from sin by exchanging God’s punishment with money.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The significance of Martin Luther and the protestant reformation in history of western civilization specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In his attempts to reform the protestant church, Luther wrote several letters to the leaders of the church such as Bishops and the clergy. Nevertheless, after the struggle that proved difficult at times, Martin Luther succeeded in the protestant reformation. This paper therefore seeks to explore the major significance of Martin Luther and the protestant reformation in the history of western civilization. This will be effectively a chieved by addressing the questions that follow. What was the basic chronology of Luther’s breaking with the roman church? Martin Luther protested on October 31, 1517, reacting to several debates, which he thought were of great significance (Mackinnon 204). He thus sparked a lot of debate from different interest groups and people, particularly with respect to the so-called doctrines. Although his reaction or revolt was not against the church itself, it can clearly be depicted that it was mainly geared towards the general reform in the Church. Nevertheless, by 1519 he openly reacted to those doctrines he had earlier on regarded as implicit and even denied the mandate of the church in certain religious issues. In 1520, the pope excommunicated him at the time. He defied these religious leaders and particularly rallied against the papacy and the Eucharist. Why did he do so and what societal factors facilitated the acceptance of his message? From the proceedings of the events, it is depicted that the significant social factors, which facilitated the acceptance of Martin Luther’s ideas were mainly two-fold. The first one is that there were already some elements of dissatisfaction or resentments coming mainly from the city governments regarding the various clerical privileges and immunities given. They, for instance, were exempted from tax and even undertaking some civil responsibilities. An example of the latter is their exemption from defending the city despite the fact that religious orders held a big proportion of urban property. These people were therefore keen to eliminate the aforementioned privileges and take the general civil responsibility like everybody else. In addition, they were also reacting to the poor quality of sermon at the time. Consequently, they established preacherships where men with some good level of education were considered, and where such men were given the mandate of delivering or reading the sermons. This really attracted the protestant style of worship that emphasized more on sermons, and formed the main part of the service as opposed to Catholic orientation of Eucharist.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More What were the key principles of his critique of Catholicism and what were the principle writings by which he spread his message? His major critique was directed at the Papacy. According to Luther, the whole idea of Papacy was just but a beautiful false front, and a misleadingly holiness under which most of the evil was hidden. He therefore called for an urgent reform in the Church. Luther advocated that the papacy be converted to simplicity as well as humble fashion of the former days of St. Peter, and called for reconsideration in the way the finance was managed. He actually demanded that all finances and estate property be taken care of by the national churches instead of the pope. He also de manded for the complete eradication of clerical celibacy, which the Germans had rejected earlier on. With respect to the Eucharist, Martin Luther was particularly concerned about the nature of the sacramental doctrine in the Church. He particularly objected the idea of the many sacraments, which the church adopted at the time. The Church acknowledged seven sacraments while Luther advocated for those that were mainly comprised of baptism and the Lords Supper under the Authority of Jesus Christ. According to Luther, the catholic Mass was not a true reflection of the Lord’s Supper. Further, he argued that the whole idea of Eurcharist was not a repetition of the sacrifice of Christ. He believed that wine and bread should only be given to the laity and the clergy. Again, the view commonly held by the Church doctrine, was that during celebration of the Eucharist, bread and wine are changed to the body and blood of Christ respectively, and that only the physical appearances of the b read and wine remained (Mackinnon 204). According to Luther, this was based on the principal of Aristotle, with whom he actually differed. He suggested for a more real doctrine that of the actual presence that followed the consecration of the body and blood of Christ in their corresponding form of the bread and wine. He argued that the priest never caused any miracle, but instead Jesus Christ was omnipresent and that he opens the eyes of every believer to ChristAdvertising We will write a custom essay sample on The significance of Martin Luther and the protestant reformation in history of western civilization specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In respect to the Christian Freedom, he advocated for freedom from all priest crafts, with the priest being the only one responsible for carrying out what he had been called upon to perform in a specific office. Luther mainly employed the use of Hymns, Psalmist and his catechism to propagate his teachings or ideas. These writings entailed mainly basic religious knowledge. A case in print is Hymn‘s Almighty Fortress is our God which was generally easy to remember and evoked strong human feelings. This was particularly important, as it was able to have a significant imprint of Martin Luther’s central or key points in his doctrines. His catechism contained brief sermons on the main articles of faith and presented succinct explanation of doctrines in form of questions and answers. What is the most effective means used by the Roman Catholic Church to the protestant challenge and why. From my own point of view, I could say that one of the most effective and appropriate means the Catholic Church used in reaction to the various challenges was the Protestant formation of ecumenical council. This is because it significantly helped in fostering unity and accommodation from the opposing religions. That way, the two religions were no longer in conflict, but united in most o f their doctrines and culture. The legacy of the reformation and Counter Reformation The main legacy out of all these is linked to a series of religious wars that eventually resulted in a long civil strife, which had a negative impact on the German economy thus leading to the death of several Germans (Bainton 45). As a result, this meant that the religious believes in Europe had been outweighed by the political and national convictions. Bainton, Roland. Here I Stand: a Life of Martin Luther. New York: Penguin, 1995. Print. Mackinnon, James. Luther and the Reformation. New York: Russell Russell, 1962. Print.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

Friday, February 21, 2020

Review of Diabetes Mellitus Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 words

Review of Diabetes Mellitus - Essay Example Diabetes is a third leading cause of death in United States of America, next only to heart disease and cancer. In the present article, the clinical presentation, diagnosis, evaluation, current treatment modalities with specific emphasis on the newer therapeutic approaches for diabetes will be reviewed. Introduction. The condition called â€Å"Diabetes† is so prevalent in modern day societies that it would be impossible to find a person who does not know some one with this condition. Statistics of diabetes confirm this validity of this statement. An estimated 20.8 million people, constituting about 7% of the population, live with diabetes in United States (CDC report, 2007). The question arises why is diabetes a bane of the modern society. The answer to this query lies in a large number of epidemiological studies showing that obesity and sedentary life style is a risk factor for developing diabetes. Individuals with a good Basal Metabolic Index (BMI, less than 21) have the lowest risk of diabetes occurring to them and increasing incidence of the condition seen in obese people (Coditz, 1990; Carey, 1997). Similarly there is an inverse correlation between the level of physical activity and the risk of developing diabetes (Manson, 1991,1992). In order to understand the clinical presentation of diabetes mellitus, diagnosis, and therapeutic options it is imperative to understand the regulation of Glucose levels (or Homeostasis) in normal human beings (Figure 1). Many diseases result from the perturbation of the homeostasis, a condition known as homeostatic imbalance. Several factors including aging lead to the loss of this regulation leading to disease. Diabetes is also a chronic metabolic disorder caused by the disturbance in the homeostasis of glucose. Classification of diabetes mellitus. As per the American Diabetes Association publication (ADA report, 2006) vast majority

Wednesday, February 5, 2020

NET Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

NET - Essay Example In academic circles with the frequent need of large quantities of information the use of databases has become popular and can be seen in the linkage that they maintain with databases in addition to the libraries that they still maintain. In short we can call the databases virtual libraries. The databases that I usually use are Medscape, Medline, PubMed, BioMed, and eMedicine. On the Internet it is the search engine that uses a set of software programs to identify the request and search the databases and provide the outcome of the search (search engines). Put in simple terms traditionally an individual went to a library and searched for information and brought the information back. The search engine does exactly this by searching for information based on the search terms given and makes available the information that it has found on the databases. The first step in my search for research resources on the internet was to use the most common search engines of Google and Yahoo. This gave me access to some databases, but found that I could do a better job in searching for resources on the net by selecting more academic oriented search engines and so I shifted like Academic Reference and Research Index. (Searching the Internet). The search terms used are crucial in getting the required information and the peed at which the information is located. Initially I found that my search terms were inadequate and provided me with information I did not require or I was flooded with information, which I had to shift to. This made refining of the search terms or queries a requirement. Refining a search term means altering or adding to the set of search terms employed. (Refining a Query). I exploited the search terms that gave me the information and amended the search terms that proved to be not satisfactory. The changes that I have adopted in my methods of researching the Net for information have made me more successful in securing the information that I want

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Impact of Rent Seeking

Impact of Rent Seeking What is rent seeking and what problems may it cause for society? Rent seeking is a concept which was being labelled by Anne Krueger in 1974 (Tullock, 1998). This term has been widely defined as the â€Å"political activity of individuals and groups who devote scarce resources to the pursuit of monopoly rights granted by governments† (Mitchell Munger, 1991, p. 525). From the above definitions, it has been supported by the knowledge that rent is an entirely excess payment that might be equivalent or above to the resources and helped to increase the earning power of the resource as gains are often concealed (Parker, 1996). Regarding this, it will be consider as problematic for society as, broadly, many rent-seeking activities are connected and worked closely with the government or economic structures that make a huge influence on society as a whole. As it can be expected, many theorists and social, economic and political commentators have been worked together and recognised that there are numerous problems attached to this particular system. As such, there are needs for discussion over the problem and evaluation on their relevance to society today. In this essay, it will first illustrate the concept of rent-seeking in addition with some examples in real life. Secondly, it will assess different potential problems that may cause for society by identifying issues that directly related to the negative effect which has imposed on national and international economies in similarly before evaluating them critically. Lastly, it will be summarising with a view that the problems which have identified and the importance of rent seeking that have imposed a significant impact on society and welfare and costs incurred in society must be addressed in relation to such behaviours carrying out onwards. According to the concept of rent seeking, it is not a new system or activities exist in nowadays instead it has been developed throughout past. This type of activities would be able to exist in everywhere or anytime as long as there are individuals or groups which have the power to use their resources as a tool to monopolize their market or the status, and from this they gain benefits from it but without paying back to society. Rent is a source of income that there are payments made to the owner in order to use the possession for e.g. a house, a building or anything that the borrower wants to use it but they do not have the ability or want to own the assets permanently (Smith, 2001). To illustrate this concept more precisely, there is a good example from the China economic structure. Tak-wing and Yongping (2009) has researched the economic situation of China over a period of time, and which how the rent seeking exists and leads to social conflict and problems. In China, coals are bei ng seen as highly regulated and controlled goods by the government. But, after reforming, the power to own these goods are being spread to a certain extent which they make use of this act to obtain the support their policy. Therefore, it could be shown that the concept of rent seeking could be exist in any forms over industry or society and transformed from time to time. Having a detailed definition of rent seeking, it will take a deep investigation into this concept by assessing the problems for society that are widely associated with it. To begin, rent seeking could be related to the practice of all pay auctions in society which, according to Anderson et al (1997, p. 2), are the pursuit of economic allocations for a specific prize that is founded on the basis of costly activities. Tullock (1998) has outlined the all pay auctions could caused lots of problems especially the monopolies. Although there are possibilities that waste could be avoided in some circumstances, he suggested an example that is when a weak democratic government is unable and have difficult to control the bidding process, thus ensuring that profits disperse (Tullock, 1998), which could cause a detrimental effect to society. The above argument is highly believable and trustful as it draws upon the power of the monopolies while opposing to the power of those who controlling the au ctions, which is out of proportion in different kind of cases. For this reason, there is no protection being offered for society as a whole. In fact, the above particular example has shown that wastage levels are enhanced where rent seeking occurs. With the evidence offered by Anderson et al (1997), they gave a warning that those individuals or agents who are losing out in the auction are financially worse off eventually as they do not receive any compensation for their trouble. Moreover, Kreuger (1974) stated firmly that the money spent on real resources give a consequence in the rise of annual welfare costs while it is specifically regarding to price and quality controls, which were 7% of GNP in India. In the same way, when there is intensification of economic controls related to rent seeking activity directly, the numbers of corruption has been increased as a result (Kreuger, 1974). This type of corruption can undermine the economic security of society as a whole and make the wel fare costs become worsen, thus it is giving assurance to the notion that the system is not beneficiary to society unless there are controls held in place. Furthermore, the activities of rent seeking may lead to the transitional gains trap exist in society. With reference to Tullock (1975), through the capitalisation of rental flows into fixed assets which provide a one-off benefit instead of a continuing increased rate of return, the transitional gains gap is the appearance of unprofitability in this government aid programs. This is a fairly straightforward concept but is also the one that is highly difficult to solve for society, as the benefits that are afforded companies under this condition do not pass downwards to the population, instead securing capital losses should the rent be abolished. What is more, there is an ongoing social waste linked with this phenomenon (Del Rosal, 2011). Tullock (1975) defended that under this situation, progressing reform is impossible and therefore the companies benefitting are under no risk of losing out. Certainly, this giving support to Munger’s (2006) argued that the existing system  "forecloses good competition† but the process is problematic for society undoubtedly beyond loss of competition. Lastly, the rent seeking activity may cause the problems of the balance of rent seeking between societies as it is importance of this activity. In this particular point, it is perceived as significant in encouraging processes of development (Khan Sundaram, 2000) and it has been recognised that to give support on the emergence of various economies during their development phase. Regardless of the fact that the shifts in supply and demand curves have been proved as a positive rent seeking (Tollison, 1982), the induced government action by artificial mean to acquire rents has really undermined any potential benefits. On the contrary, the existence of rent seeking can also be severely imposing harm to growth, thus this giving the policymakers with a paradox that has been observed in the developing nations in Asia, most of which experienced widespread rent seeking during the 1990s onwards (Khan Sundaram, 2000). From this specific example, it behaves according to the standard of the theo retical principle that economic growth performing badly, thus putting the poorest into a situation that is even deeper into poverty while the organised and beneficial groups employed the state power to increase their own economic benefits directly (Pasour, 1987). Indeed, Tullock (1967) has noted that there are extensive welfare costs being attached with the implementation of all procedures that related to the rent seeking of monopolies and tariffs, and the application of this principle onto this example shows that social costs not only retard the process of growth but can actually reverse it and lead to the shrinking of the economy through a remarkable losses. Therefore for the effect, the problematic dilemma that exist between the harm and good to developing nations in particular cause an attention of the damaging nature of rent seeking. To conclude, the above problems of rent seeking undoubtedly have imposed an impact on society which attached wastage in every instance and hindered the growth and competition. All pay auctions may leads to corruption and intensify the wastage that was produced throughout the process. Also, the transitional gap and the balancing of the importance and damage of rent seeking for economies brought problematic to society as the former did not benefits to the society and the latter needs to make one’s choice over the good and harm. Under all the possible problems that may cause from this activity, action from the government must be balanced continually in long term if issues like the waste caused by monopolies and tariffs are to be solved. Even though it is approved that Tullock is right in that as rent seeking deep-rooted into economic culture, thus reform is impossible and there are solutions that the government should solved over such problem in order to prevent further economic damage.

Monday, January 20, 2020

Producing Your Own Play :: Theatre Drama Personal Narratives Acting Essays

Producing Your Own Play Recently, two friends and I structured a piece of theatre involving three characters and their journey through life. Throughout the play themes such, alcohol abuse, child abuse, drug addiction and many other themes showing the mental ability as the characters come across hard dissions during their journey through life. The play is about three characters who are faced with many temptations in which all resulting in some sort of addiction and later resulting in the character ending up in a mental hospital. The play is fast moving and perceptive entertains and thought provoking, funny yet ultimately tragic. Throughout the planning of our production we came across a few difficult disicions, one that really stands out in my mind was how to show the audience a sub-consion veiw of the characters thoughts, we wanted to really show the depth of these characters giving the veiwer the ability to understand the characters choices. To enable this we decided to use fiction in certain scenes showing an angel and a devil both giving adive to each indivdual character. We wanted to give the play a theme of 'Black Comedy' this keeping the audience more intreaged. My partners and I decided we could create our own characters, I decided that when my character first enters the play aged 9 years old I wanted to play this child to the best of my ability, I found this difficult at first for I had never played a character who was suffering with child abuse. After thinking about how I would play my character I decided that to give the veiwer a deep insite of my characters thoughts to acomplish this I tried to come across as a very insicure child, growing up with no love or affection in his life, this suggesting I would keep my voice in a quiet pitch and also while my character grows older and discovers he is a free person he still is traped with his father torment constant in his mind, this resulting in him turning into a more visiuos man with a very controversal veiw upon women this veiw growing into an addiction, growing to the ecstent wher the only pleasure was when he would kill women; '' GRABBING EVERY WOMEN IN SIGHT INTO DARK ALLYS LATE AT NIGHT'', in certain scenes we used ryme to give a stronger affect.Later on in the play my character finds himself in a mental hospital, my characters mind was no loger stable and useing very simular insicure body language like when I was a child I tried to give an affet where I was trabbed in my childhood

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Bmw Films Essay

The primary issue faced by Jim McDowell is what to do for his next marketing campaign. He will need to decide what direction BMW will take in order to stay current in the target market and position the brand as the leader in the luxury car industry. A sub issue that Jim is facing is that in order for BMW to stand out compare to the competition, it must be at the forefront of the marketing trend. There is always pressure on innovative marketing campaigns as a bad campaign can lead to severe damage in the company image and reputation. Decision Alternatives. There are a number of alternatives that Jim faces when deciding in what direction to move with the BMW marketing campaign. Develop more short films and build a big series out of it. Develop a full length movie for the theatres Do nothing to the existing campaign and move on to develop a new campaign To continue to use the existing BMW films plus developing a new campaign Creating new films on the heels of the original films plus developing a new campaign Develop a full length movie plus developing a new campaign In order to decide the best alternative it is important to look at some key decision criteria. In this case the important factors would be: delivery time, risk, cost, competitive advantage, ease of implementation. Analysis of Industry In the luxury car segment, BMW and Mercedes have stand strong against the strong competition from Japan like Acura, Lexus, Infiniti. In year 2001, BMW is second best luxury car seller, just behind Lexus amount the other ten major luxury brands. However, BMW only ranked 8th in media expenditures, which again proved the great success on their innovative campaign. In terms of customer loyalty, luxury brand customers do tend to stay among the top brands and are very loyal. There are always customers who switch from BMW to Mercedes or the other way around. Since BMW has the competitive advantage of a younger clientele, it is very important for BMW to create marketing campaign to young adult so they can look forward to own a BMW when they can afford one. Analysis of Company Evaluation of Alternatives Alternative #1, 2, and 3 should only be considered as a short term alternative that can achieve quick beneficial results with no long term prospects because all the alternatives evolve around the same film concept, which eventually will wear out and target audience will not be interested in it anymore. Alternative #4 takes into account with BMW’s long term goal, to be the leader in the industry with innovative campaigns. However, developing a new concept takes time and research before implementation, therefore some immediate alternatives needs to be done before the new campaign kicks in. Alternative #5, 6, or 7 will achieve that goal. Alternative #5 Introduce the BMW films to new markets that may have missed the online films during the campaign period will enable BMW to entice an entirely new segment. By showing the films throughother mediums, BMW will be able to reach a wider audience plus raising the brand awareness. Since this campaign is so successful and unique, BMW can also produce DVD and make itas a collectible item. This alternative is easy to implement, low cost to run, low risk as the campaign is already running with huge success with good reputation. However, other companies may copy the idea and there is a chance that BMW will lose its competitive advantage as the films are getting overly exposed to the original audiences that BMW targeted during the initial campaign period. Therefore, developing another campaign while this is running is necessary in order to achieve BMW’s long term marketing goal. Alternative #6 The other option would be to follow up with another series of films on the heels of the original films. BMW would want to keep the number of films low to try and blend them into the successful original films and not to market them as another series of short films. This alternative will require some time to prepare, and the cost will be much higher in comparison to Alternative #5, which will make it harder as BMW will need more resources in creating a new campaign at the same time. It is easy to implement as all the ground works are in place from the previous films. However, this alternative will have a higher risk than other options due to the high anticipation of BMW to produce high quality films. If any of the film receives negative feedbacks, BMW will risk losing out on the campaign inwhole, plus the reputation of the series. BMW will still keep its competitive advantage with this alternative as they are still the one who leads the marketing trend. Alternative #7 Creating a full length movie can be the next big campaignfor BMW. It is a new approach and will make the brand stand out of all others. The target audience is also much wider in comparison to the initial campaign. It will take a long time to implement, and not as easy as short films because a full length film is more complicated in terms of plot and production. The cost will also go veryhigh that may use up all of BMW’s resources in marketing. It is a two sided sword because if BMW is not placed enough in the film there is no difference in doing product placement in the James Bond movie series; meanwhile if BMW is overly exposed in the film it may create negative feedbacks as it will look like an hour long commercial. The interest level of audience will also be much lower in watching a long commercial than a short film. Decision Criteria Chart Here is the chart for the best 3 alternatives: (X? low score, XXX? high score) Recommendation Based on the analysis above it is evident that the appropriate course of action is to utilize the existing movies in the short term while developing a new full scale marketing plan in the background. By utilizing the existing films BMW will be able to quickly get to market films that they have already completed. They will ride the coat tails of the internet marketing, however by introducing the films to another target markets, BMW will hopefully build on the impact created by the original films. There is relatively low risk to this model because BMW has already invested in the films and by using different mediums to convey their message it is likely that an entirely new market segment will appreciate the films as the original audience did. Although the potential payback may not as great as some off the wall innovative idea, the concept behind releasing the films to a different audience should allow more time and resources to develop another new campaign. If there are enough resources, BMW can also consider creating 1 or 2 more films to avoid losing the competitive advantage toward the target audience.

Friday, January 3, 2020

Native Americans Use Storytelling not Written Language

In the tradition of Native American culture, there is no custom of written records of personal life or tribal history. Even though they have written language, the major way to record history is by oral storytelling. Those stories focus more about creation time, tribal and family history rather than individual life. Recording autobiography from different Native American tribes is a convention way for anthropologists to preserve the Indian traditions, which gradually decline and lost after Native American contact with Western culture. Moreover, the autobiographies of Native American individuals also fulfill the public curiosity about their culture. Nevertheless, the culture differences create the confusion and misunderstand in the written records. For the people does not familiar, and understand the Indian cosmology, the autobiography provides us as a tool to reveal the secret veil of Native American. In the same time, it leads a certain degree of deduction about the narrator original meaning. Native American in the Central and Southwestern societies fundamentally is based on the idea of collectivism. They relied on foraging and pre-agriculture farming. The political structure and population does not grow into complicate or large quantity. Due to their communities are formed by several small bands, the relationship between tribal members are real close. Most of tribal members are relatives, and everyone knows each other. In the other hand, the hardship of living in wildShow MoreRelatedNative American Paper1353 Words   |  6 PagesNative American Storytelling Paper Rashmi Price ENG/301 August 26, 2013 Dr. Gregory Beatty Native American Storytelling Paper Native American literature is considered by many as the traditional written and oral literature of Native cultures around the world. Many of these literatures are transmitted over periods of time by storytellers. This particular literature has many features that includes a mixture of oral tradition techniques along with tribal mythology. The majorityRead MoreNative American Storytelling Lit Paper1214 Words   |  5 PagesNative American Storytelling November 12, 2012 ENG/301 Native American Storytelling Native American literature is the root of cultural storytelling, which is told through oral tradition, this consist of stories and songs verbally. Native American literature use literary conventions in the root of myth and symbolic examples in storytelling. The book â€Å"Native American Literature: A Brief Introduction and Anthology† gives good insight into the Native American ways of life and how storytelling isRead MoreThe Oral Tradition Of Storytelling1510 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"Lullaby†, the role of storytelling in her Native American culture seems to be a central theme and translates the oral tradition of storytelling into a written English essay. The narrator Ayah doesn’t tell her story to anyone in particular, but instead she reminiscences on a story that weaves her past memories and her present happenings through a series of associations, rather than in a set chronological order. In addition to the focus on the oral tradition of storytelling, Silko is concerned withRead MoreEssay on Sherman Alexie and Joy Harjo2018 Words   |  9 Pages It is well known that Native American cultures have been rich in oral traditions. Storytelling is but one aspect of that. Yet amongst the Native American poets covered in class there seem to be differing views of storytelling. Sherman Alexie looks at storytelling in How To Write the Great American Novel as that which has been stereotyped and mainstreamed into the dominant culture, while Joy Harjo seems to view storytelling in Deer Dancer as vital to the survival of culture. This essay willRead MoreStorytelling2552 Words   |  11 Pages Storytelling continues to be an integral part of Native American culture, providing us with an understanding of what was important to the Native Americans. Through their stories, Native Americans expressed an understanding of the environment, and the relationship that existed between themselves and their environment. These stories also provide us with a look at Native American legends, history, and a collection of knowledge critical to their survival. Native American stories are deeply rootedRead More Comparing Black Elk Speaks and The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fist Fight in Heaven1679 Words   |  7 Pages   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Traditionally, Native American Literature has been an oral genre. Although Native American Literature was the first American literature created, it has been the last to be recognized -and, to some extent, is still waiting for full recognition (www.usc.edu). With the Indian being forced to assimilate, their literature was forced to take on a written form. Although the traditional way of storytelling has changed, Native American Literature has survived. In its written form, it is being sharedRead More Native American Museum Essays1584 Words   |  7 PagesSmithsonians National Museum of the American Indian is a fascinating building at the Bowling Green area of Lower Manhattan. It’s close to Battery Park that displays an elegant view of the water. You can see ferries floating by headed towards Staten Island, since South Ferry Terminal is nearby. It allows you to appreciate the hidden gems of the city located in the outskirts Manhattan. One of those very treasur es is the museum mentioned previously. The Museum of the American Indian is directly in front ofRead MoreThe Effects Of Alcoholism On The Native American Population1098 Words   |  5 Pagesdrinks because of instances of domestic abuse or clinical depression versus a Native American alcoholic is that the average person’s alcoholism is symptomatic of individual experiences. Alcoholism among the native population is encouraged by overwhelming and uncontrollable outside cultural forces. This is all to say that when Louis writes about his recovery from alcoholism and the effects of the disease on the Native American population, he is reaching beyond the surface implications of excessive drinkRead MoreDeaf Perceptions Of The Deaf1510 Words   |  7 Pagessignificant language barrier between the American Deaf and their hearing counterparts. Though it is often thought to be nothing more than an elevated form of charades, American Sign Language (ASL) is a language like any other- not only with its own grammatical syntax, phonology, and morphology, but also in its compliance to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. Created by Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf, the hypothesis exists in two degrees: weak and strong. The former claims that language shapes our thoughtsRead MoreBrooks And Mcnair (2009) Begin Their Essay By Pointing1203 Words   |  5 PagesAfrican American and written by African American authors. Several African American authors were rejected by publishers because their work did not fit the publisher’s idea of what an African American family should look like. One unfortunate example of this is when a publisher wanted the father to be edited out of a story written by an African American. The author had to fight for the right to keep the father in the story. Stories like this are common for African American authors. African Americans have