Thursday, December 26, 2019
Questions amp; Answers: Lecture 1: Managing IT in an E-World 1. Define the mean of Information Technology, and discuss how the management of IT has changed? 2. Discuss the main changes of recent IT trends? 3. The Information Technology trends offered new ways for competition and new ways of working- Explain that? 4. Discuss how the Information Technology offers new ways of business competition? 5. Discuss how the Information Technology offers new ways of working? 6. Differentiate and explain the advantages amp; disadvantages for them : Free Agents amp; Virtual Teams ? 7. What means by IS? What are the three assets of technology ( 3 IT recourse) ? 8. Explain how can manage the IT recourses in modernÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Many retailers have used their Internet website to compete on cost. By offering sales transactions online, these businesses may decrease their expenses by eliminating physical stores, reducing holding inventory costs, and lowering the costs of individual transactions. Lowering costs also allows some retailers to bet ter compete on priceÃ¢â¬âa Ã¢â¬Å"low costÃ¢â¬ strategy. The Internet has also allowed some businesses to compete using differentiation. One example of using the Internet to compete on product/service differentiation is The LEGO GroupÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"LEGO FactoryÃ¢â¬ (http://shop.lego.com/Product/Factory/About.aspx). With downloadable software customers can design their own custom LEGO models, upload their designs over the Internet, and then purchase a custom set of LEGO blocks that can be used to physically build the pre-designed model. In this way, The LEGO Group differentiates their offerings from its competitors who do not offer custom block sets. 6. What three IT assets have been identified as more important in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s Internet age, and why? [Note: The three assets are presented in Figure 1.2] (Hard Copy of this chapter/figure) Figure 1.2: Three IT Asset Technology Assets, Relationship Assets, and Human Assets must all be managed effectively by IT leaders in modern IT organizations. The Technology Assets are becoming more complex and businesses are increasinglyShow MoreRelatedBusiness Management : The Financial Manager Essay1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2) Investment Decision: The financial manager is supposed to be able to decide between the most profitable investment portfolio that will reduce to exposure minimum the risk of finance and ensure maximum return to the enterprise owner(s). 3) Dividend Policy: The financial manager is responsible for deciding the dividend policy of the enterprise. In a small scale enterprise, the responsibility of the financial manager would include that of determining how to allocate the profit from the to the variousRead MoreManagement and Global Business Manager Essay2846 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesconflicting perspectives regarding innovation management. d. listen to the different national perspectives and priorities, but minimize differences in views from multiple subsidiariesÃ¢â¬â¢ input. B 3. Which of the following does not enhance the efficiency of a local-for-local innovation process? a. Dispersing assets and resources to the subsidiaries and delegating decision-making authority regarding innovations to them. b. Assigning competent headquarter managers to lead development projects within aRead MoreTop Performing Property Management Business Development Manager1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTOP PERFORMING PROPERTY MANAGEMENT BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER OFFERING A WELL-DEFINED UNDERSTANDING OF THE BUSINESS-TECHNOLOGY INTERFACE WITH A STRONG CAPACITY TO DRIVE BUSINESS r Designed a creative company profile video as a marketing tool for Auckland Property Management that won a Gold Award at the MCA-I Media Festival. r Conducted highly successful property management seminars with high-profile companies, including Gilligan Rowe, Westpac, BNZ, Kensington Swan, Davenports Harbour, RSM PrinceRead MoreWhy Project Managers Need to Understand Business Strategy and the Strategic Management Process?1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1) Introduction This report is produced to study the importance of aligning Project Management with Business Strategy and Strategic Business Process. Fundamentally, all Project Managers must have full comprehension of the bigger picture of an organization Business Strategy and its functional level game plan. This would help them with project operational level decision making as well alignment of projects alignment with corporate mission. . The report will be giving general analysis of inter relevanceRead MoreReport On The Field Of Business Management Essay1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOpportunities Within The Field Of Business Management Date: October 3, 2016 For: Incoming Students Subject: What Is Business Management All About? Introduction Business management is a very broad field of choice which gives people the opportunity to choose from many careers options. This particular field trains one for roles as managers in many sectors such as education, retail, technology and more. There are many skills one obtains from choosing business management as their major. 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In international business, however, management may take on a few more challenges and roles that are unique compared to the domestic market. This discussion will focus primarily on the impact of management in the globalization of business. InternationalRead MoreFunctional Areas of Business Essay1117 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnalyzing the functional areas of Management Adrean D.Thomas MGT/521 September 3, 2013 Dr. Machen Analyzing the functional areas of Management In all types of businesses (big or small), managers play a key role in the efficiency, profitability, and functionality of how the business meets its goals and successes. The purpose of managers are to oversee and coordinate the work of others. As managers, it is important that ensure that the businessÃ¢â¬â¢ greatest resource, which are its employeesRead MoreBusiness Marketing Management : Business Management1077 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGross Ms. Jessica Madinger Comp 101 C 9 November 2015 Business Marketing Management Outline Business has several majors to seek, such as: Accounting, Economics, Administration, Marketing, International business, Entrepreneurship, and lastly Management. A business degree has many of opportunities. This paper is going to specifically focus on Management which you can get a minor in marketing, which would be called marketing management. Management has several classes to can take, and several of careersRead MoreBusiness Management : Successful Competitive World Of Business971 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBusiness management is defined as the act or practice of running a business. Managing is the process of monitoring, controlling, leading, organizing and planning. In the work world there are many opportunities for this major. The function of a business is to provide a service or product to consumers, generate employment opportunities thereby creating a prosperous financial future for the business and its stakeholders. Business management majors are taught to understand big and small business
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
A. What role did economies of scale and experience curve play in HondaÃ¢â¬â¢s successful enrty into US market / motorcycle market? In the late 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s Honda contemplated a bold move: entering the motorbike market in the United States. Today, Honda is a dominant player in the US, selling a wide range of models in large numbers. But its start could not have been more improbable or less likely to succeed. It was only by staying flexible to an emerging understanding of what the problem and the opportunities were, that Honda succeeded in its long shot. HondaÃ¢â¬â¢s Native Success Honda had done well in its native Japan, leaping in a short amount of time to the number one position largely on the strength of its Super Cub model, which was based aroundÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Emphasis on Market Share through advertising Honda was following a strategy of developing region by region. Over a period of four to five years they moved from the west coast of America to the east coast. The report showed the emphasis which Honda paid to advertising when the company spent heavily on the advertising theme you meet the nicest people on a Honda thereby disassociating themselves from the rowdy, hell s angels type of people. Essentially the BCG is portraying Honda as a firm dedicated to being a low cost producer, utilising its dominant position in Japan to force entry into the U.S market, redefining that market by putting up the nicest people image and exploiting its comparative advantage via aggressive advertising and pricing. Strenghs of Honda Specialisation of roles The strengths of Honda start with the roles that the founders played. Honda was an inventive genius with a large ego and a volatile temperament. His main concerns were not about the profitability of the company or its products, but rather to show his innovative ability by producing better engines. Fujisawa on the other hand thought about the financial section of the company and how to market the ideas. He often challenged Honda to come up with better engines. By specialising in their own abilities the two of them were able to pool together resources and function effectively as a team. PositiveShow MoreRelatedThe Honda Effect Case Study1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Honda is a Japan based company and is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest manufacturer of motorcycles as well as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s manufacturer of motor vehicles, producing more than 14 million internal motor vehicles each year. The Honda Motor Company was founded by Soichiro Honda in 1948. In 1959, he opened the American Honda Motor Company, so he could fulfil his dream of building a high performance motorcycle and marketing it globally. The discussion below briefly emphasises on the strategy used by Honda to gainRead MoreThe Honda Effect1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesINTRODUCTION The two reports are based on HondaÃ¢â¬â¢s entry onto the US. They are The BCG report, which was commissioned by the British government to investigate the decline of the British motorcycle industry, and the second report was recorded by Richard Pascale, which looked at HondaÃ¢â¬â¢s entry into the US Market. Honda is a Japan based company and is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest manufacturer of motorcycles as well as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s manufacturer of internal combustion engines (motor vehicles) producing moreRead MoreMarketing of Honda Motorcycles in the USA Essay1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMarketing of Honda motorcycles in the USA The American Honda Motor Company was established as a subsidiary by Honda in 1959. During the 1960s the type of motorcycles brought by Americans underwent a major change. Motorcycle registrations increased by over 800,000 in five years from 1960. In the early 60s the major competitors were Haley - Davidson of U.S.A, BSA, Triumph and Norton of the UK and Motto - Guzzi of Italy. Harley-Davidson had the largest market share with sales in 1959 totallingRead MoreHarley Davidson Case Study1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2013 Introduction Harley Davidson, established in 1903, is the largest manufacturer of motorcycles in the United States. While Harley Davidson dominates the moto market in the United States, it is very small compared to the international market which is infiltrated with large Japanese firms such as Kawasaki, Honda and Yamaha who produce various categories of motorcycles. Harley Davidson has deep rooted brand equity in the United States and remains loyal in itÃ¢â¬â¢s style. It has also remainedRead MoreCase Study : Toyota s Joint Venture Essay1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof directors of the Hero Honda Group had decided to terminate the joint venture between Hero Group of India and Honda of Japan in a phased manner. The Hero Group would buy out the 26% stake of the Honda in JV Hero Honda. Under the joint venture Hero Group could not export to international markets (except Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka) and the termination would mean that Hero Group can now export. Since the beginning, the Hero Group relied on their Japanese partner Honda for the technology in theirRead MoreCASE STUDY Essay1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesidentify that LVMH could exploit? 4. Can this strategy be sustained? What would you recommend LVMH do? The Honda Motor company was founded by Shoichira Honda Ã¢â¬â a fiercely competitive, self-taught engineer and mechanic. Infamous for antics such as throwing a wrench and hitting a mechanic on the head, and stripping Ã¢â¬Å"to the buffÃ¢â¬ in front of employees prior to assembling an engine, Honda was a mechanical genius with a deep commitment to technological innovation. His passion for racing translatedRead MoreHarley Davidsons Study in Terms of Strategy Management1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesevident since everybody knows that acquiring a Harley means much more than just having a motorbike. But let us go deeper in this. What is it understood by a Differentiation Strategy? Obeying to Michael PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s model, firms can follow two types of business strategies in order to fight against the competitive forces (threat to substitutes, buyer power, supplier power, rivalry and barriers to entry): Ã¢â¬ ¢ Cost Leadership Ã¢â¬ ¢ Differentiation While the first one is focused on offering the product at theRead MoreWhy Do Japanese Companies Go for Joint Ventures in India1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesKorean ones. Still, they often seek partnerships with local firms when entering the Indian market. Why? The president of Wipro, one of IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s largest information technology service companies, said, Ã¢â¬Å"If you want to make it in India, what you need is a local partner.Ã¢â¬ It is difficult for a foreign company to take care of everything on its own, from market research, land purchase and logistics to market The consensus among Japanese firms is that a joint venture with an Indian partner is a mustRead More Strategic Management at Honda Essay2534 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesStrategic Management at Honda 1. Firstly what is strategic management? It is the process of specifying an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives, developing policies and plans to achieve these objectives, and allocating resources so as to implement the plans. Strategic management is usually performed by the highest level of managers in the company. A companyÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy must be realistic enough for it to achieve it; hence it must make sure it has the right resources to be able to cope with the strategyRead MoreBusiness Report804 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWe Have to Reduce Prices of Passenger Cars in Metropolitan China 1. Executive SUMMARY We found that there is a great potential demand in the family car market of China, cars that sell for under RMB 100, 000 yuan each enjoy the greatest popularity, and price is the main factor that directly influences consumer decision to buy. It is therefore necessary to reduce the price of cars. For this, we recommend that the manufacturing costs be reduced and, step by step, the average price of a family car
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Question: Discuss about theLeadership for Conflict of Interest. Answer: The scandal of Enron was disclosed in 2001. The scandal of the company led the company to bankruptcy and Arthur Andersons dissolution remained among the largest five auditing and accounting firms globally (Hasso, Duncan, 2013). In the history of America this was the largest bankruptcy that is recorded and the scandal was the largest audit failure at that point of time. The complex structure of the industry was not known by much of the outsiders. Eventually the company was founded in the year 1985 and later in 1990s it became one of the most reputed company in the history of America (Coxe, 2016). In the initial stages of 2001 it was found that the companys financial position had been continued through many fraudulent activities of the system and it had been carried out in a creative way. The loss of the shareholders were over $11billion and the issues behind this have been found in the case study. The issues are as follows, Conflict of Interest Engaging with unethical accounting firm Unethical culture inside the organization Lack of transparency Lack of principled executives and senior managers It can be assumed that the companys hiring and firing system was directed to enhance fraudulent activities (Ng, 2008). The analysis of the case study is mainly based on the leadership approach and ethical issues while looking at the organizational structure of the company. The paper will also take a close look on the approaches of leadership through which the unethical issues are reduced inside the organizational environment. Findings Leadership Impact on the Workplace Culture of Enron Leadership has its impact on the workplace culture of Enron. Enron faced a major problem where lack of transparency took its place inside the environment of the organization ("Lack of transparency", 2013). The leaders of the company failed to make the status of the company transparent while the full concentration was in protecting the image of the company. The main acts of the leaders include trust and full disclosure of the business process to the employees. Here in the case of Enron the CEO of the Company told the employees and the stakeholders that the price of the stock would rise where actually he started to sell the stocks of the company. The stakeholders came to know that the CEO sold his part of stocks when bankruptcy took its place. Transparency in leadership theory carries the sign of trust and the leaders actually require to exercise morality and openness in all the actions those are taken inside the organization (Striebing, 2017). The major failure in the structure of Enr on was lack of transparency. Conflict of interest in the field of Enron was a major issue where the company faced all kinds of trouble to make the business continued. The main cause of the failure was lack of proper oversight of the company management (Tracy, 2014). The board of directors of Enron expected to work based on the interest of the shareholders. The shareholders were expected to guard the ethical code of the firm and this did not happen. In this scenario the boards failed the shareholders. The manipulation of the company in the field of financial account went unnoticed (Read, Mati, 2013). It happened because of the conflict of interest. With the help of the lawyers and accountants the leaders of the company was able to create subsidiaries. These companies were looked like they were in partnership with Enron and this helped the companies to sell all the assets of the company in the time of posting false earnings. Through the aspect of conflict of interest it was possible for the top officers of the co mpany to make benefits from the ventures of the business and this was questionable. This is so because the ventures always tend to drag the fund of the company and this was harmful for the company. In this cases the leaders were not ethical and effective where they should be. The acts of the leaders must be supported with moral intention while employing the competence. Engaging unethical accounting firms is another leadership impact in Enron. Arthur Anderson came into headlines after the bankruptcy of Enron (Altenburg, 2012). The accounting firm with whom the company was involved allowed massive accounting errors. The company actually made it possible for Enron to be engaged in financial manipulation in a continuous basis. It can be said that the employees of Anderson damaged the documents of the company and for which there are no evidence of employment for the employees. It actually represents a leadership approach which was ready to help the companys employees. In this case the leadership approach Anderson played were unethical. The moral standard of leadership in the accounting firms were low in comparison with the other approaches. The firm had to go through different stages of closure since the time the company had lost its credibility. The leaders in this case must be ethical while making any kinds of decision in the field of business. Ethica l leaders are supposed to think about the consequences of the actions through helping the company in fraudulent situations. The leadership approach in this case was unable to influence the value of ethics in this case and that is why the company had faced difficult situations (Ortmeier, Davis, 2012). The behaviors of the leaders were the main reasons behind all these. Lack of Principled Executives and Senior Managers The senior management is considered to be expected as the key factor of firm ethical culture. The set values of the company were not successfully implemented by the senior managers in the field of the business. That is the reason why Enron could not continue their business process in the field. Trust and ethics are the most crucial factors in the business scenario where the senior managers and the leaders must be ethical to control the employees of the business in proper mannerism (Chermack, 2011). If the trust and the ethics are lacked in this scenario then the followers of the leaders as in the employees will face difficult situation in the field. Unethical Culture Yes, the leadership of Enron shape the culture of the workplace. The culture of Enron was based on some important fact of individualism, relentless and innovation of profit. The ethical behaviors and the cultures of the company influenced the employees in many ways and they performed according to the culture and awards was given to the employees. The main motto of the culture is to encourage the employees to make profit for the organization. It can be said that the organizational process must be related with the cultures of the company which must be maintained effectively by the employees (Hiriyappa, 2009). The culture of Enron ensured that the culture and the performance evaluation of the company were rigorous and threatening to the employees of the company. The low level employees got fired and incentives were there for the senior level officer where the incentives should be for the stakeholders in order to give them the benefit accordingly. Poor organizational culture is the main reason for the organization failure. It is mainly based on the leadership approaches that the leaders or the managers take to control the organizational scenario. It is highly recommended that the importance of the ethical culture must not be underestimated (Mohamad, 2010). Discussion The major problems that led Enron to bankruptcy and collapse can be understood through different scenario of the case study. The organization actually lacked in the field of transparency among the stakeholders. There were conflict of interest among the company management and top executives. Arthur Anderson also played a big role in the fraudulent activities of Enron. The outside accounting and auditing firm helped Enron in manipulating the financial part of the company where the employees completely destroyed the documents of the company (Till, 2013). The management of the company and senior executives did not carry the principles of the leaders effectively. The organizations employees were rewarded for their performances where the culture of the company was encouraged as fraud. The culture of the company was risk taking where the intent was to make maximum profit out of it. It has been discussed earlier that the senior level managers were rewarded for their activities and the stakeh olders are neglected in providing the profits. This was against the culture of actual leadership where the company went against the ethics and principles ("Special Issue Leadership Journal: Indigenous Leadership", 2014). The actions were marked as downfall for the firm and everything was based on poor ethical strategies of the culture. Conclusion The case study has stated that if the ethics in leadership theory are not followed properly then the whole scenario of the organization breaks down. It has been witnessed in the case of Enron and it has been seen how the company went form the top to bottom in the company list. The analysis has shown that the company has many audit failure. The organization also got involved with fraudulent activities where the situation led Enron to bankruptcy. Lack of transparency, conflict of interest, unethical engagement of Arthur Anderson, poor organization and lack of principled leadership actually took the company in the most difficult situation. Unethical practice and fraudulent activities are the main two significance of the case study. Recommendation The outlined solution it can be assumed that avoiding unethical practice might have helped the company to avoid bankruptcy, audit failure etc. It is the responsibilities of the leaders where they must be ethical enough to avoid all fraudulent activities. It is their significance of working that can avoid all complicated situation inside the organizational environment in order to make flow of work continued. Fraud policy is the best option to detect all frauds inside the organizational environment. The policy could have made the management department more responsive and regular in the field. It could have also guide the management department of the company to take full responsibility for irregularities and misappropriation. Fraud policy is the only way to detect fraud activities inside the organizational environment. This can be considered as one of the greatest move in the organizational environment in order to make the whole scenario of the company ethical. The recommendation is to use fraud policies that does not allow any fraudulent activities in the field of business. It can be said fraud policies are the best way to handle the organization and it can increase the transparency and ethics of the leaders in effective ways. The fraud policies will also ensure that everybody in the organization will be responsible and principled. Implementation The fraud policies can be implemented by the management department of the company. It must be made public for all the employees of the company. There must be a background of the fraud policy based on which the company will implement the policy inside the structure of the company. It can be said the leaders and the managers of the company must come into play in this kind of situation and they must follow all the ethics and regulations of the company while implementing the fraud policy. The documents and the drafts must indicate the person for whom the reports are prepared. The authority of the organization must approve the fraud policy in order to make it effective in the organizational environment. It can be said that the fraud policies are the best option to remove all fraudulent activities inside the organizational environment but the policy must get its platform to be implemented. The policy actually indicates that the officers who will conduct in the process of investigation are the one who will actually be guilty in this case. This is how fraudulent activities can be implemented as recommendation. References Altenburg, A. (2012). Bankruptcy (1st ed.). New Brunswick, N.J.: New Jersey Institute for Continuing Legal Education. Chermack, T. (2011). Scenario planning in organizations (1st ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. Coxe, W. (2016). Account of the Russian discoveries between Asia and America to which are added, the conquest of Siberia, and the history of the transactions and commerce between Russia and China (1st ed.). Dinslaken: Andre? Hoffmann. Hasso, T., Duncan, K. (2013). Valuation of Family Firms: The Limitations of Accounting Information. Australian Accounting Review, 23(2), 135-150. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1835-2561.2013.00202.x Hiriyappa, B. (2009). Organizational behavior (1st ed.). New Delhi: New Age International. Lack of transparency. (2013). The Pharmaceutical Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.1211/pj.2013.11124129 Mohamad, S. (2010). Ethical Corporate Culture and Guidelines for Ethical Leadership. International Journal Of Trade, Economics And Finance, 1(2), 151-154. https://dx.doi.org/10.7763/ijtef.2010.v1.27 Ng, J. (2008). Dim sum leadership (1st ed.). Singapore: Jointly published by Armour Pub. and Meta Pte Ltd. Ortmeier, P., Davis, J. (2012). Police administration (1st ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. Read, J., Mati, E. (2013). Erectile Dysfunction and the Internet: Drug Company Manipulation of Public and Professional Opinion. Journal Of Sex Marital Therapy, 39(6), 541-559. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0092623x.2012.736922 Special Issue Leadership Journal: Indigenous Leadership. (2014). Leadership, 10(2), 263-265. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1742715014530196 Striebing, C. (2017). Professionalization and Voluntary Transparency Practices in Nonprofit Organizations. Nonprofit Management And Leadership. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nml.21263 Till, H. (2013). The History of Financial Derivatives: A 2-Part Feature - Part 1: The Emergence and Development of Financial Derivatives Post-Bretton Woods. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2601043 Tracy, B. (2014). Management (1st ed.). New York: AMACOM.
Monday, December 2, 2019
While I observe three different classes, I will be able to identify applications of the principles of learning in the teaching Ã¢â¬â learning process. My Performance (How I Will Be Rated) Field Study 2, Episode 1 Ã¢â¬â Principles of Learning Focused on: Application of the principles of learning in the teaching Ã¢â¬â learning process Tasks Exemplary 4 Superior 3 Satisfactory 2 Unsatisfactory 1 Observation/ Documentation All tasks were done with outstanding quality; work exceeds expectations All or nearly all tasks were done with high quality. Nearly all tasks were done with acceptable quality Fewer than half of tasks were done; or most objectives met but with poor quality My Analysis Analysis questions were answered completely; in depth answers; thoroughly grounded on theories Exemplary grammar and spelling Analysis questions were answered completely Clear connection with theories Grammar and spelling are superior Analysis questions were not answered completely Vaguely related to the theories Grammar and spelling acceptable Analysis questions were not answered Grammar and spelling unsatisfactory Task Exemplary Superior Satisfactory Unsatisfactory My Reflection Reflection statements are profound and clear, supported by experiences from the episode Reflection statements are clear, but not clearly supported by experiences from the episode Reflection statements are shallow, supported by experiences from the episode Reflection statements are unclear and shallow and are not supported by experiences from the episode My Portfolio Portfolio is complete, clear, well Ã¢â¬â organized and all supporting documentation are located in sections clearly designated Portfolio is complete, clear, well Ã¢â¬â organized and most supporting documentation are available and/or in logical and clearly marked locations Portfolio is incomplete; supporting documentation is organized but is lacking Portfolio has many lacking components; is unorganized and unclear Submission Before deadline On the deadline A day after the deadline Two days or more after the deadline Sub Totals Over Ã¢â¬â all Totals Rating: (Based on Transmutation) _____________Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã ________________________ _______________________ Signature of FS Teacher above printed name Date Transmutation of score to grade/rating Score Grade Score Grade 20 1. We will write a custom essay sample on The Field Study or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 0 Ã¢â¬â 99 12 Ã¢â¬â 13 2. 50 81 18-19 1. 25 Ã¢â¬â 96 11 2. 75 78 17 1. 50 Ã¢â¬â 93 10 3. 00 75 16 1. 75 Ã¢â¬â 90 8 Ã¢â¬â 9 3. 50 Ã¢â¬â 72 and 15 2. 00 Ã¢â¬â 87 7 5. 00 Ã¢â¬â below 14 2. 25 Ã¢â¬â 84 My Map I will observe at least 3 different classes. Pay close attention to what the Resource Teacher does to teach and what the learners do to learn. To gut my Target, I will work my way through these steps: My Tool As I observe a class, I will use the Observation Sheet for a more focused observation. OBSERVATION SHEET Name of the Resource Teachers Observed: __________________________________ School Address: P. Bernardo Street, P. Tuazon, Quezon City Date: ______________ Grade/Year Level: ___________________________ Subject Area: _______________ Principles of Learning Teaching Of the Teacher/Learning Behavior of the Learner as Proof of the Application of the Principle of Learning 1. Leaning is an experience which occurs inside the learner and is activated by the learner. Sample: 1. The teacher will ask questions regarding the topic through a recitation and sometimes the teacher will give follow up questions. 2. Learning is the discovery of the personal meaning and relevance of ideas. 2. The students will give importance to the things they learned. 3. Learning is a consequence of experience. 3. The teacher lets her students to experience the actual setting of the lesson. Most cases in skills subjects. 4. Learning is a cooperative and collaborative process. 4. The teacher will group the class and give them group activity. This will be given for them to work as a group. 5. Learning is an evolutionary process. 5. After the teacher taught the lesson to the students, in the near future by the help of some exercise and repetition. The learning will become natural to them. 6. Learning is sometimes a painful process. 6. Sometimes there will be a time when the teacher will accidentally humiliate you inside the class because of a wrong answer, or a bad attitude. 7. One of the richest resources for the learning is the learner himself. 7. The teacher will sometimes ask the students to do reporting in class. And with that the student will master at least one lesson in the opening class. 8. The process of learning is emotional as well as intellectual. 8. When the student has some personal problems, it will sometimes be a hindrance in the learning process. 9. The process of problem solving and learning are highly unique and individual. 9. The teacher will give some critical thinking questions in a way that the students will answer them differently. My Analysis 1. What is the impact of the Resource TeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s observance of these principles on the teaching Ã¢â¬â learning process and on the learners? _______The teacher will become more aware of the amount of learning the students acquire and will become more cautious in the things they teach. ___________________________________________________________ 2. Which learning principle was applied most? ________For me the most applied principle is Ã¢â¬Å"Learning is consequence of experienceÃ¢â¬ . All of the students will learn will be used in real life situations. __ 3. What learning principle was applied least or not at all applied? ________For me the least principle is not applied Ã¢â¬Å"Learning is a consequence of experience. The learner will automatically experience what he will learn in class. 4. Do you agree with these principles of learning? Or have you discovered that they are not always correct? ________I agree with these principles of learning, because they all match the learning process that a child undergo. ________________________________________________________________ My Reflections My reflections on my observations of my Resource TeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s observance of these principles. Did my Resource Teachers adhere to these principles? ________The teachers should give importance to these principles to nourish the learning of the child to the fullest. They have to be always fully aware of the things they do their students whether they affect them unintentionally or intentionally. They have to give the students the learning they deserve in tproper way. Lesson I have learned from my observations on the classroom application of the principles of learning. ________The teachers should encourage and guide students for them to achieve and aim higher. The students, on the other hand, has to be motivated for them to excel in their own respective fields. ________________________________________________________________ My Portfolio Principles of Learning in My Own Words 1. Learning can be achieved by the students alone. 2. Learning must be pleasurable to students. 3. The best experience will be the best lesson. 4. Learning must be practical 5. Learning must also be experience 6. Learning in a hard way may not be useful 7. A student needs a friend to learn more 8. Experience is the best way to relate to students 9. They should experience good times always
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Is It Good When Parents Help with Homework Role Of Parents In Academic Performance: How Parents Should Assist With School Assignments Essential steps for parents to assist their kids with homework To evade a migraine included, particularly while finishing long or complex assignments, I generally find a way to assist my children with their homework: Examine accessible procedures and assets; Agree on explicit principles with them; Review their school work each day; Create a reasonable report plan and set important objectives; Sit with youngsters when they begin; Communicate with their educators consistently. Examine successful tools and procedures When I assist my children with their homework, I understand that they must finish each scholastic assignment, including a report, a contextual investigation, or something different. I pick methodology sessions to make a decent arrangement. There are sure pointers to finish up with the best outcomes, including: Whether my children begin getting their work done once they return home or they have a few breaks; If they like to finish all assignments without a moments delay or they isolate them into little parts; Whether they begin with troublesome subjects. I examine ground-breaking systems without managing anything. I ask my kids applicable inquiries to give them a decision. How I concur on guidelines with my children I guarantee that all principles are clear and make them explicit, and my youngsters value my exertion. Its anything but difficult to concede to proficient offers and set explicit breaking points, and best of all, rules make it quicker to finish scholarly assignments. For what reason do I survey their school work each day? I adhere to this successful everyday practice, go over every one of the classes with my children, and request that they see homework notes or their task list. I enable them to take the lead in disclosing everything to me. If I comprehend what is expected and when, I begin asking how they intend to complete their school work, and I dont acknowledge any unclear answers. They demonstrate that youngsters require my assistance. Setting sensible investigation designs and objectives When I get comfortable with a homework timetable of my children, I enable them to make a sensible arrangement for all assignments and tests. I generally enable them to conclude this timetable. Theyre allowed to add all that they need to their everyday homework routine to exploit greater adaptability and control. For what reason do I sit with them? If my children have difficult occasions getting their work done, I take a load off to sit next to them while they work or have them in a similar room. They have more certainty and feel my help. The significance of speaking with instructors I speak with my kids instructors all the time to see whether they present their assignments on time and get some information about their school advance. That is because we have a similar objective. We need my children to make their scholastic progress, and our productive correspondence is a key mystery of getting it going. Educators dependably know when understudies require additional assistance. They can enable parents to recognize reasonable assets and offer proposals to enable them to enhance their scholastic execution quick and effectively. I do my best to keep the lines of correspondence profitable and open to motivate the chance to illuminate a wide range of homework issues as they emerge. What botches do parents make when helping their children? I did my profound investigation on this issue to determine how to assist my youngsters with their homework and preserve a deliberate space from the regular missteps that numerous parents make. This is what helped me distinguish their key arrangements. These blunders include: Doing homework anyplace and whenever; Complaints about the excellence and quantity of homework; Doing homework for children; Understanding it similarly as a specific method to get new information; Converting it into standard contentions Performing home assignment anyplace and whenever A few parents let their kids do their school work in the lounge room while sitting in front of the TV appears or in the kitchen while having their supper; however, its a major slip-up. How to preserve a deliberate space from it? I set an agreeable situation for my children to finish their scholarly activities and I generally urge them to set a timetable for them. Protests about the eminence and quantity of homework Numerous parents grumble about the quality and amount of allotted homework; however, I like to acknowledge the truth. Staying away from homework is difficult. If individuals see that school ventures are past the capacity of their kids, they should see instructors and illuminate them about that while regarding their expert choices. Theres a great deal of work. Performing school tasks for children at home I imagine that doing everything myself is a terrible thought, and that is the reason I enable my youngsters to expand their working limit and learn discipline. Sound judgment is a decent device that all grown-ups should utilize. I straighten a few errors that my children make. My fundamental objective isnt to make their outcomes immaculate, however, to enable them to do everything themselves to discover increasingly about issues and their successful arrangements. Instructors are in charge of classroom amendments. Comprehending homework similarly as a specific method to get new learning Finishing assignments normally strengthen learning aptitudes and give all understudies an incredible chance to figure out how to function freely. Parents can clarify answers. I trust that it bodes well to assist my children with finding them on the web, in their course readings, or different sources. Changing over homework into customary contentions Numerous parents end up belligerence with their children when endeavoring to help with their school ventures. I convert it into a time of peacefulness. Its unsafe for kids to confront nervousness and worry at home since they have numerous stresses at school, and they would prefer not to contend. To uphold a deliberate distance from the previously mentioned slip-ups, I encourage all parents to get proficient help if they have any troubles with their youngsters homework. In what capacity would professionals be able to help? Our master group can furnish understudies with the best answers for the majority of their scholarly issues quick.
Saturday, November 23, 2019
History of Electromagnetism ElectromagnetismÃ is an area ofÃ physicsÃ which involves the study of theÃ electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs betweenÃ electrically chargedÃ particles. The electromagnetic force usually producesÃ electromagnetic fields, such asÃ electric fields,Ã magnetic fieldsÃ andÃ light. The electromagnetic force is one of the fourÃ fundamental interactionsÃ (commonly called forces) inÃ nature. The other three fundamental interactions are theÃ strong interaction, theÃ weak interactionÃ andÃ gravitation. Until 1820, the only magnetism known was that of iron magnets and of lodestones, natural magnets of iron-rich ore. It was believed that the inside of the Earth was magnetized in the same fashion, and scientists were greatly puzzled when they found that the direction of the compass needle at any place slowly shifted, decade by decade, suggesting a slow variation of the Earths magnetic field. Edmond Halleys Theories How can an iron magnet produce such changes? Edmond HalleyÃ (of comet fame) ingeniously proposed that the Earth contained a number of spherical shells, one inside the other, each magnetized differently, each slowly rotating in relation to the others. Hans Christian Oersted: Electromagnetism Experiments Hans Christian Oersted was a professor of science at Copenhagen University. In 1820 he arranged in his home a science demonstration to friends and students. He planned to demonstrate the heating of a wire by an electric current, and also to carry out demonstrations of magnetism, for which he provided a compass needle mounted on a wooden stand. While performing his electric demonstration, Oersted noted to his surprise that every time the electric current was switched on, the compass needle moved. He kept quiet and finished the demonstrations, but in the months that followed worked hard trying to make sense out of the new phenomenon. However, Oersted could not explain why. The needle was neither attracted to the wire nor repelled from it. Instead, it tended to stand at right angles. In the end, he published his findings without any explanation. Andre Marie Ampere and Electromagnetism Andre Marie Ampere in France felt that if a current in a wire exerted a magnetic force on a compass needle, two such wires also should interact magnetically. In a series of ingenious experiments, Andre Marie Ampere showed that this interaction was simple and fundamental: parallel (straight) currents attract, anti-parallel currents repel. The force between two long straight parallel currents was inversely proportional to the distance between them and proportional to the intensity of the current flowing in each. There thus existed two kinds of forces associated with electricity- electric and magnetic. In 1864, James Clerk Maxwell demonstrated a subtle connection between the two types of force, unexpectedly involving the velocity of light. From this connection sprang the idea that light was an electric phenomenon, the discovery of radio waves, the theory of relativity and a great deal of present-day physics.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Film - Movie Review Example The film also captivates through its application of irony as RaphaelÃ¢â¬â¢s status changes from an arrogant successful salesperson to an oppressed loser (Iglesia). The filmÃ¢â¬â¢s major characters are Raphael and Lourdes. These characters play a major role in the development of the story line besides aiding application of literacy styles, such as irony, in the film. Minor characters on the other hand include Antonio, who beat Raphael in a promotion opportunity, other sales women, the employing organization, and the passive criminal investigation system. These characters facilitate demonstration of Raphael and LourdesÃ¢â¬â¢ character traits. The sales women for example elevate RaphaelÃ¢â¬â¢s social power but undermine Lourdes (Iglesia). One of the added techniques to the film is flashback, applied towards the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s end. The technique further illustrates the relationship between Raphael and Lourdes and therefore enriches the storyline
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Open topic logos based argumentative paper - Essay Example Most Congressmen admit to not have reading the Act before voting to pass it but those voting in favor were overwhelming. Only one of 99 Senators (Wisconsin Senator Russ Feingold) and 66 of 423 Representatives voted against the law. The PATRIOT Act, as many citizens and legal experts alike have argued, violates the fundamental rights guaranteed by the U.S. ConstitutionÃ¢â¬â¢s first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights (Savage, 2006). This includes the freedom of speech and assembly (First Amendment); the freedom from unreasonable search and seizure (Fourth Amendment); the right to due process of law (Fifth Amendment); the right to a speedy, public and fair trial along with the right to counsel and to confront the accuser, (Sixth Amendment), the freedom from cruel and unusual punishment (Eighth Amendment) and freedom from punishment without conviction (13th Amendment). One of the most obvious tactics in the Ã¢â¬ËWar on TerrorÃ¢â¬â¢ and the PATRIOT Act is the widespread use of racial profiling, described as when law enforcement officials use race, ethnicity, religion and even color of skin to determine which persons are more probable to commit a crime such as terrorism. The term Ã¢â¬ËWar on TerrorÃ¢â¬â¢ has been continually invoked to justify breaches of the Constitution as well as the basic civil liberties of citizens and foreigners alike. The invocation of this phrase has repeatedly prohibited rational discussions regarding civil injustices such as profiling individuals based on their race. Therefore racial profiling has continued unabated including the profiling of young black men since September 11, 2001. The not-so-subtle insinuation is that Ã¢â¬Å"one cannot condemn racial profiling because to do so will hinder the war on terrorism and undermine national securityÃ¢â¬ (McDonald, 2001). The popularly stated position is that racial profiling is necessary because not using this tool of law enforcement would compromise the effort against terrorism thus
Sunday, November 17, 2019
The Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s Fraud Essay MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s scheme to defraud his clients at Bernard Lawrence Madoff Investment Securities began as early as 1980 and lasted until its exposure in 2008. Bernard carried out this scheme by soliciting billions of dollars under false pretenses, failing to invest investorsÃ¢â¬â¢ funds as promised, and misappropriating and converting investorsÃ¢â¬â¢ funds to benefit Madoff, himself, and others without the knowledge or authority of the investors. To execute the scheme, Madoff solicited and caused others to solicit potential clients to open trading accounts with Bernard Lawrence Madoff Investment Securities (BLMIS) on the basis of a promise from him. He promised to use investor funds to purchase shares of common stock, options and other securities of large, well-known corporations, and representations that he would accomplish high rates of return for client, with limited risk. Ã¢â¬Å"United states of,Ã¢â¬ 2009) Among other things, Mandoff marketed to clients and prospective clients an investment strategy referred to as a split strike conversion strategy. Clients were promised that Bernard Lawrence Madoff Investment Securities (BLMIS) would invest their funds in a basket of approximately 35-50 common stocks within the Standard Poors 100 Index (the SP l00), a collection of the 100 largest publicly traded companies in terms of their market capitalization. Mandoff claimed that he would select a basket of stocks that would closely mimic the price movements of the SP 100. Mandoff further claimed that he would opportunistically time those purchases, and would be out of the market intermittently, investing clients funds in these periods in United States Government issued securities such as United States Treasury bills. Madoff also claimed that he would hedge the investments that he made in the basket of common stocks by using investor funds to buy and sell option contracts related to those stocks, thereby limiting potential losses caused by unpredictable changes in stock prices. Ã¢â¬Å"United states of,Ã¢â¬ 2009) MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s Illegal Business Behaviors Exposure Federal prosecutors filed a total of eleven charges against Bernard Madoff. The first of those charges was for securities fraud. The crime of securities fraud involves false claims of investment security holdings, and misinformation regarding stocks and brokerage advice. Sensational insider information is also considered a component of this criminal activity. Another major charge involved t hree counts of money laundering, both domestically and through international accounts. Money laundering is the funneling of revenue acquired illegally into new monetary arrangements, with the intent of concealing this revenueÃ¢â¬â¢s original origins. Plus, in connection with both his securities and investment adviser businesses, prosecutors also charged Madoff with mail and wire fraud. These offenses involve initiating schemes using either the United States Postal Service or telephone systems toward obtaining money and/or property in a false or unlawful manner. (Tomaszewshi, 2010). Perpetrators Involved in Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s Fraud ItÃ¢â¬â¢s certainly not uncommon for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s son or daughter to enter into an identical business relationship as a successful family member such as a parent. However, in Bernie MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s case this approach was taken to extreme levels of nepotism. Peter Madoff entered his brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s firm in 1967, and as business prospered he began to accumulate several executive titles: Senior Managing Director, Head of Trading, and even Chief Compliance Officer for both the broker-dealer and more secretive investment advisor business models. BernieÃ¢â¬â¢s sons Mark and Andrew joined the firm in the mid-to-late 1980s, and eventually were made co-directors of Madoff Securities International in London, England. BernieÃ¢â¬â¢s nephew Charles joined up in 1978, and became the Director of Administration for the investment firm. And PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter Shana was hired on in 1995, and served as in-house Legal Counsel and Rules Compliance attorney for the broker-dealer business. Other parties greatly impacted by Bernie MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s activities were his business associates and their many clients over the decades. For example, Frank Avellino and Michael Bienes themselves funneled over three thousand clients to MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s investment advisory business. Madoff had consistently advised the pair to remain unregistered in their dealings. But when the SEC accused the duo of illegally selling securities, Madoff pretended ignorance of their activities, even though he had secretly instructed them all along. For their trouble, Avellino and Bienes were forced to pay a fine of three hundred and fifty thousand dollars and shut their business down. Other notable business partners eventually left in the lurch by MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s growing fraud would go on to include Jeffrey Tucker and Walter Noel of Fairfield Greenwich Group. Non-related people who had worked under Bernie Madoff also became tainted from the association following his arrest. This employee group includes those who may have had indirect dealings through Madoff subsidiaries like Cohmad Securities Corporation. However, the idea also applies to those employed directly, such as former executive assistants Elaine Solomon and Eleanor Squillari. Jeffry Picower was in industrialist and philanthropist who seemed to be a favored Madoff beneficiary, and made outlandish profits from his investments with Madoff. From 1996-2007 there were 14 instances of greater than 100% yearly returns and 25 of greater than 50%. From 1996-1999 his regular trading account made from 120-550% a year. Some evidence of backdating trades, instituted by Picower, has been presented by trustee Irving Picard. In December, 2010, his estate returned $7. 2 billion in profits to the government. Picower died before the settlement. Tomaszewshi, 2010) Motives of the Perpetrators The various perpetrators who were involved in Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s ponzi scheme had different kinds of motives that were completely against the provisions evident in federal laws. Jeffry Picower had over twenty four different accounts with Investment Securities L of Jeffry Picower and his wife in Investment Securities LLC was to benefit from the cash windfall generated from devious deals according to reports; his investment into MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s company was once worth over one billion dollars. Kirchner, 2010) Annette Bongiorno was a senior employee at Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s illegal company and among her roles at the firm she was to brief investors concerning their returns which were all fictitious. Ezra Merkin was an investment expert who assisted Bernard Madoff to drain off extraordinary amounts of money from clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ accounts and it later emerged that he had a conflict of interest in the Madoff company. With its headquarters in Connecticut, Fairfield Greenwich Company misled investors into buying stakes at MadoffÃ¢â¬Ës illegal firm and in return, the company received huge amounts of cash from Bernard Madoff. NBC, 2009) Frank DiPascali was also another essential figure in Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s illegal investment scheme. One of the frauds committed by Frank is that he engaged in countless number of international money laundering activities to benefit MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s scheme. In addition to this, DiPascali also gave Mr. Madoff expert advice on how to go about his illegal businesses without being caught or detected by the federal authorities. (Arvedlund, 2010) (Ã¢â¬Å"Bernard Madoff fraud,Ã¢â¬ 2012) Controls That Could Have Deterred the Fraud from Occurring Despite the fact that Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s investment fraud was one of the largest to ever rock the United States of America, there are various strategies thatLC and he operated them closely with Barbara who was also his wife. The motive might have prevented or deterred the fraud from occurring. To begin with, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) should have without delay acted on the numerous signals that it received from different quarters. As the main regulatory authority of American investment activities, it would have been easy to identify weaknesses in Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s shady deals. A major loophole in the federal laws of the United States of America also had a significant input towards enabling Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s illegal activities to spread at a very rapid rate; for instance, there is a provision that stipulates private companies in the United States should only pay 5% of their annual revenues. (NBC, 2009) (Ã¢â¬Å"Bernard Madoff fraud,Ã¢â¬ 2012) Implementations That Investors Should Have Used to Protect Themselves While some investors may yet believe they were tricked into believing Bernie MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s elaborate confidence game, it is also arguable that there were means to protect themselves at their disposal. One method would be to practice due diligence whenever one is presented with new financial opportunities. Many investors were led astray on the poor advice of their won friends and family, which isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a fiscally sound means of verification. Independent research needs to be done on the workings of any financial organization, even those that are supposedly reputable on the surface. One should investigate third-party custodial relationships at investment firms, and review their auditing practices. (Tomaszewski, 2010) Another way to avoid fraud is to actively request documentation. Hand written notes from intermediaries are highly suspicious evidence that revenue is being transacted in a professional manner. Getting activity in writing must be joined to verifiable account numbers for auditing. Finally, a forceful amount of skepticism will often prevent one from falling into schemes which seem on the surface to be easy money generators. For instance, one should never believe the speculators on television. An unlicensed financial consultant is about as reliable an agent as allowing unreformed gambling addict free access to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personal treasury. Investors should not assume that overseers are actually doing their jobs, as even they might be in on the take. (Tomaszewski, 2010). The United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Involvement Critics and popular journalists from prominent media houses in the United States of America have called into question the manner in which the Securities and Exchange Commission handled the fraud case involving Bernard Madoff. This is due to the fact that even the commission itself has acknowledged that it should have detected MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s illegal activities as soon as they began. The first major mandate or responsibility of the Securities and Exchange Commission is to interpret the laws pertaining to federal securities; such as, the commission should have detected the fundamental flaws in Bernard MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s investment activities at an earlier stage. The second major responsibility of the Securities How MadoffÃ¢â¬â¢s Fraud was Discovered and Identifiable Red Flags His business came to be under the doubts of various financial analysts as early as 1999. They believed that the returns claimed by the company were only theoretically impossible. But organizations such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) completely ignored the doubts and Madoff continued with his overtures for almost another 10 years. He finally got caught in December 2008. He was trapped after he confessed about his dishonesty to his very own sons. He confessed to his sons of his investment business being nothing but a big Ponzi scheme. His sons now reported his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s fraud to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Though Bernie confessed to have had started his Ponzi scheme in the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, investigators think otherwise. They believe the Ponzi scheme and defrauding of investors had begun in the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s itself. Now what actually happened was that in the very first week of December 2008, Bernie Madoff discussed his dilemma over having to pay his clients an amount of almost $7 billion as he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have that much funds. Now within the very next two days Bernie told his sons that he made a huge profit and had decided to give away an early bonus, amounting up to $173 million. This confused the sons and they called for an explanation from their father. This is when their father confessed that his whole company worked through a Ã¢â¬Å"giant Ponzi schemeÃ¢â¬ . On December 11th 2008, Bernie Madoff was taken into house arrest. Had the stock market not had been in a sharp decline in 2008, who knows how much longer the fraud could have continued. (Degrace, 2011) After writing that Madoff offers the biggest due diligence lesson for investors, some argued that the red flags are only obvious in hindsight and wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been so clear if one had to make the decision before BernardÃ¢â¬â¢s admission of running a Ponzi scheme.
Friday, November 15, 2019
Delegation Human Resources Management Ever watch good delegates in action? They know exactly which jobs to hand and to whom. They know the old talents to tap and the new talents to test. Somehow, they even make the busiest people feel privileged to do even more. Delegating is a management tool that should be used in every company out there. Mark Twain once said, Ã¢â¬Å"To be good is noble, but to teach otherÃ¢â¬â¢s how to be good is noblerÃ¢â¬âand much less trouble.Ã¢â¬ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary defines delegating as entrusting authority to another. The key to delegating is the word entrust. When you delegate, you entrust the entire matter to the other person along with sufficient authority to make it work. It involves authorizing others to carry out specific tasks under your general supervision. It forces the manager to be more organized because the supervisor must outline projects, assign responsibilities, set deadlines, and check progress. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã There are several guidelines to effectively delegate. You must communicate fully the degrees of freedom and judgment you expect the other person to use. Delegate authority as well as responsibility. Your subordinate must have the authority to carry out the responsibilities they have been delegated. Setting performance standards also allows the individual to understand the outcome you expect. Finally, delegate your reoccurring work, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t dump. The supervisor must not abdicate his responsibilities, and must understand that the responsibilities are never lifted from his shoulders, and understand that the responsibilities of the results of the unit are still the managers. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã There are five steps to delegation. First you must define the task completely. You then must determine to whom to delegate the project to. The most important step is to provide clear communication of what the instructions are and your expectations regarding the task. The delegator and delegatee must than reach a mutual agreement about the task and any deadlines you may provide. Finally, you must monitor and evaluate the results and provide feedback to let the individual know your thoughts on the task. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Everyone benefits from delegation by having time to accomplish the management duties that often get neglected. This may include long range planning, innovation, and coordination with your work group and representing your work group and its members to higher management. These things donÃ¢â¬â¢t get done well when you are heavily involved in the day-to-day work of your section. The delegator has more time for advance skills while the delegatee gains new skills and abilities.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
CHAPTER 93 London's Opus Dei Centre is a modest brick building at 5 Orme Court, overlooking the North Walk at Kensington Gardens. Silas had never been here, but he felt a rising sense of refuge and asylum as he approached the building on foot. Despite the rain, Remy had dropped him off a short distance away in order to keep the limousine off the main streets. Silas didn't mind the walk. The rain was cleansing. At Remy's suggestion, Silas had wiped down his gun and disposed of it through a sewer grate. He was glad to get rid of it. He felt lighter. His legs still ached from being bound all that time, but Silas had endured far greater pain. He wondered, though, about Teabing, whom Remy had left bound in the back of the limousine. The Briton certainly had to be feeling the pain by now. Ã¢â¬Å"What will you do with him?Ã¢â¬ Silas had asked Remy as they drove over here. Remy had shrugged. Ã¢â¬Å"That is a decision for the Teacher.Ã¢â¬ There was an odd finality in his tone. Now, as Silas approached the Opus Dei building, the rain began to fall harder, soaking his heavy robe, stinging the wounds of the day before. He was ready to leave behind the sins of the last twenty-four hours and purge his soul. His work was done. Moving across a small courtyard to the front door, Silas was not surprised to find the door unlocked. He opened it and stepped into the minimalist foyer. A muted electronic chime sounded upstairs as Silas stepped onto the carpet. The bell was a common feature in these halls where the residents spent most of the day in their rooms in prayer. Silas could hear movement above on the creaky wood floors. A man in a cloak came downstairs. Ã¢â¬Å"May I help you?Ã¢â¬ He had kind eyes that seemed not even to register Silas's startling physical appearance. Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you. My name is Silas. I am an Opus Dei numerary.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"American?Ã¢â¬ Silas nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"I am in town only for the day. Might I rest here?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You need not even ask. There are two empty rooms on the third floor. Shall I bring you some tea and bread?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you.Ã¢â¬ Silas was famished. Silas went upstairs to a modest room with a window, where he took off his wet robe and knelt down to pray in his undergarments. He heard his host come up and lay a tray outside his door. Silas finished his prayers, ate his food, and lay down to sleep. Three stories below, a phone was ringing. The Opus Dei numerary who had welcomed Silas answered the line. Ã¢â¬Å"This is the London police,Ã¢â¬ the caller said. Ã¢â¬Å"We are trying to find an albino monk. We've had a tip-off that he might be there. Have you seen him?Ã¢â¬ The numerary was startled. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, he is here. Is something wrong?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"He is there now?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, upstairs praying. What is going on?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Leave him precisely where he is,Ã¢â¬ the officer commanded. Ã¢â¬Å"Don't say a word to anyone. I'm sending officers over right away.Ã¢â¬ CHAPTER 94 St. James's Park is a sea of green in the middle of London, a public park bordering the palaces of Westminster, Buckingham, and St. James's. Once enclosed by King Henry VIII and stocked with deer for the hunt, St. James's Park is now open to the public. On sunny afternoons, Londoners picnic beneath the willows and feed the pond's resident pelicans, whose ancestors were a gift to Charles II from the Russian ambassador. The Teacher saw no pelicans today. The stormy weather had brought instead seagulls from the ocean. The lawns were covered with them Ã¢â¬â hundreds of white bodies all facing the same direction, patiently riding out the damp wind. Despite the morning fog, the park afforded splendid views of the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. Gazing across the sloping lawns, past the duck pond and the delicate silhouettes of the weeping willows, the Teacher could see the spires of the building that housed the knight's tomb Ã¢â¬â the real reason he had told Remy to come to this spot. As the Teacher approached the front passenger door of the parked limousine, Remy leaned across and opened the door. The Teacher paused outside, taking a pull from the flask of cognac he was carrying. Then, dabbing his mouth, he slid in beside Remy and closed the door. Remy held up the keystone like a trophy. Ã¢â¬Å"It was almost lost.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You have done well,Ã¢â¬ the Teacher said. Ã¢â¬Å"We have done well,Ã¢â¬ Remy replied, laying the keystone in the Teacher's eager hands. The Teacher admired it a long moment, smiling. Ã¢â¬Å"And the gun? You wiped it down?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Back in the glove box where I found it.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Excellent.Ã¢â¬ The Teacher took another drink of cognac and handed the flask to Remy. Ã¢â¬Å"Let's toast our success. The end is near.Ã¢â¬ Remy accepted the bottle gratefully. The cognac tasted salty, but Remy didn't care. He and the Teacher were truly partners now. He could feel himself ascending to a higher station in life. I will never be a servant again.As Remy gazed down the embankment at the duck pond below, Chateau Villette seemed miles away. Taking another swig from the flask, Remy could feel the cognac warming his blood. The warmth in Remy's throat, however, mutated quickly to an uncomfortable heat. Loosening his bow tie, Remy tasted an unpleasant grittiness and handed the flask back to the Teacher. Ã¢â¬Å"I've probably had enough,Ã¢â¬ he managed, weakly. Taking the flask, the Teacher said,Ã¢â¬ Remy, as you are aware, you are the only one who knows my face. I placed enormous trust in you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes,Ã¢â¬ he said, feeling feverish as he loosened his tie further. Ã¢â¬Å"And your identity shall go with me to the grave.Ã¢â¬ The Teacher was silent a long moment. Ã¢â¬Å"I believe you.Ã¢â¬ Pocketing the flask and the keystone, the Teacher reached for the glove box and pulled out the tiny Medusa revolver. For an instant, Remy felt a surge of fear, but the Teacher simply slipped it in his trousers pocket. What is he doing? Remy felt himself sweating suddenly. Ã¢â¬Å"I know I promised you freedom,Ã¢â¬ the Teacher said, his voice now sounding regretful. Ã¢â¬Å"But considering your circumstances, this is the best I can do.Ã¢â¬ The swelling in Remy's throat came on like an earthquake, and he lurched against the steering column, grabbing his throat and tasting vomit in his narrowing esophagus. He let out a muted croak of a scream, not even loud enough to be heard outside the car. The saltiness in the cognac now registered. I'm being murdered! Incredulous, Remy turned to see the Teacher sitting calmly beside him, staring straight ahead out the windshield. Remy's eyesight blurred, and he gasped for breath. I made everything possible for him! How could he do this! Whether the Teacher had intended to kill Remy all along or whether it had been Remy's actions in the Temple Church that had made the Teacher lose faith, Remy would never know. Terror and rage coursed through him now. Remy tried to lunge for the Teacher, but his stiffening body could barely move. I trusted you with everything! Remy tried to lift his clenched fists to blow the horn, but instead he slipped sideways, rolling onto the seat, lying on his side beside the Teacher, clutching at his throat. The rain fell harder now. Remy could no longer see, but he could sense his oxygen-deprived brain straining to cling to his last faint shreds of lucidity. As his world slowly went black, Remy Legaludec could have sworn he heard the sounds of the soft Riviera surf. The Teacher stepped from the limousine, pleased to see that nobody was looking in his direction. Ihad no choice, he told himself, surprised how little remorse he felt for what he had just done. Remy sealed his own fate.The Teacher had feared all along that Remy might need to be eliminated when the mission was complete, but by brazenly showing himself in the Temple Church, Remy had accelerated the necessity dramatically. Robert Langdon's unexpected visit to Chateau Villette had brought the Teacher both a fortuitous windfall and an intricate dilemma. Langdon had delivered the keystone directly to the heart of the operation, which was a pleasant surprise, and yet he had brought the police on his tail. Remy's prints were all over Chateau Villette, as well as in the barn's listening post, where Remy had carried out the surveillance. The Teacher was grateful he had taken so much care in preventing any ties between Remy's activities and his own. Nobody could implicate the Teacher unless Rem y talked, and that was no longer a concern. One more loose end to tie up here, the Teacher thought, moving now toward the rear door of the limousine. The police will have no idea what happenedÃ¢â¬ ¦and no living witness left to tell them.Glancing around to ensure nobody was watching, he pulled open the door and climbed into the spacious rear compartment. Minutes later, the Teacher was crossing St. James's Park. Only two people now remain.Langdonand Neveu.They were more complicated. But manageable. At the moment, however, the Teacher had the cryptex to attend to. Gazing triumphantly across the park, he could see his destination. In London lies a knight a Pope interred.As soon as the Teacher had heard the poem, he had known the answer. Even so, that the others had not figured it out was not surprising. I have an unfair advantage.Having listened to Sauniere's conversations for months now, the Teacher had heard the Grand Master mention this famous knight on occasion, expressing esteem almost matching that he held for Da Vinci. The poem's reference to the knight was brutally simple once one saw it Ã¢â¬â a credit to Sauniere's wit Ã¢â¬â and yet how this tomb would reveal the final password was still a mystery. You seek the orb that ought be on his tomb. The Teacher vaguely recalled photos of the famous tomb and, in particular, its most distinguishing feature. A magnificent orb.The huge sphere mounted atop the tomb was almost as large as the tomb itself. The presence of the orb seemed both encouraging and troubling to the Teacher. On one hand, it felt like a signpost, and yet, according to the poem, the missing piece of the puzzle was an orb that ought to be on his tombÃ¢â¬ ¦ not one that was already there. He was counting on his closer inspection of the tomb to unveil the answer. The rain was getting heavier now, and he tucked the cryptex deep in his right-hand pocket to protect it from the dampness. He kept the tiny Medusa revolver in his left, out of sight. Within minutes, he was stepping into the quiet sanctuary of London's grandest nine-hundred-year-old building. Just as the Teacher was stepping out of the rain, Bishop Aringarosa was stepping into it. On the rainy tarmac at Biggin Hill Executive Airport, Aringarosa emerged from his cramped plane, bundling his cassock against the cold damp. He had hoped to be greeted by Captain Fache. Instead a young British police officer approached with an umbrella. Ã¢â¬Å"Bishop Aringarosa? Captain Fache had to leave. He asked me to look after you. He suggested I take you to Scotland Yard. He thought it would be safest.Ã¢â¬ Safest? Aringarosa looked down at the heavy briefcase of Vatican bonds clutched in his hand. He had almost forgotten. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, thank you.Ã¢â¬ Aringarosa climbed into the police car, wondering where Silas could be. Minutes later, the police scanner crackled with the answer. 5 Orme Court. Aringarosa recognized the address instantly. The Opus Dei Centre in London. He spun to the driver. Ã¢â¬Å"Take me there at once!Ã¢â¬ CHAPTER 95 Langdon's eyes had not left the computer screen since the search began. Five minutes. Only two hits. Both irrelevant. He was starting to get worried. Pamela Gettum was in the adjoining room, preparing hot drinks. Langdon and Sophie had inquired unwisely if there might be some coffee brewing alongside the tea Gettum had offered, and from the sound of the microwave beeps in the next room, Langdon suspected their request was about to be rewarded with instant Nescafe. Finally, the computer pinged happily. Ã¢â¬Å"Sounds like you got another,Ã¢â¬ Gettum called from the next room. Ã¢â¬Å"What's the title?Ã¢â¬ Langdon eyed the screen. Grail Allegory in Medieval Literature: A Treatise on Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Ã¢â¬Å"Allegory of the Green Knight,Ã¢â¬ he called back. Ã¢â¬Å"No good,Ã¢â¬ Gettum said. Ã¢â¬Å"Not many mythological green giants buried in London.Ã¢â¬ Langdon and Sophie sat patiently in front of the screen and waited through two more dubious returns. When the computer pinged again, though, the offering was unexpected. DIE OPERN VON RICHARD WAGNER Ã¢â¬Å"The operas of Wagner?Ã¢â¬ Sophie asked. Gettum peeked back in the doorway, holding a packet of instant coffee. Ã¢â¬Å"That seems like a strange match. Was Wagner a knight?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said, feeling a sudden intrigue. Ã¢â¬Å"But he was a well-known Freemason.Ã¢â¬ Along withMozart, Beethoven, Shakespeare, Gershwin, Houdini, and Disney.Volumes had been written about the ties between the Masons and the Knights Templar, the Priory of Sion, and the Holy Grail. Ã¢â¬Å"I want to look at this one. How do I see the full text?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You don't want the full text,Ã¢â¬ Gettum called. Ã¢â¬Å"Click on the hypertext title. The computer will display your keyword hits along with mono prelogs and triple postlogs for context.Ã¢â¬ Langdon had no idea what she had just said, but he clicked anyway. A new window popped up. Ã¢â¬ ¦ mythological knight named Parsifal whoÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ metaphorical Grail quest that arguablyÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ the LondonPhilharmonic in 1855Ã¢â¬ ¦ Rebecca Pope's opera anthologyÃ¢â¬ Diva'sÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Wagner's tomb in Bayreuth, GermanyÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"Wrong Pope,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said, disappointed. Even so, he was amazed by the system's ease of use. The keywords with context were enough to remind him that Wagner's opera Parsifal was a tribute to Mary Magdalene and the bloodline of Jesus Christ, told through the story of a young knight on a quest for truth. Ã¢â¬Å"Just be patient,Ã¢â¬ Gettum urged. Ã¢â¬Å"It's a numbers game. Let the machine run.Ã¢â¬ Over the next few minutes, the computer returned several more Grail references, including a text about troubadours Ã¢â¬â France's famous wandering minstrels. Langdon knew it was no coincidence that the word minstrel and minister shared an etymological root. The troubadours were the traveling servants orÃ¢â¬ ministersÃ¢â¬ of the Church of Mary Magdalene, using music to disseminate the story of the sacred feminine among the common folk. To this day, the troubadours sang songs extolling the virtues ofÃ¢â¬ our LadyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â a mysterious and beautiful woman to whom they pledged themselves forever. Eagerly, he checked the hypertext but found nothing. The computer pinged again. KNIGHTS, KNAVES, POPES, AND PENTACLES: THE HISTORY OF THE HOLY GRAIL THROUGH TAROT Ã¢â¬Å"Not surprising,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said to Sophie. Ã¢â¬Å"Some of our keywords have the same names as individual cards.Ã¢â¬ He reached for the mouse to click on a hyperlink. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm not sure if your grandfather ever mentioned it when you played Tarot with him, Sophie, but this game is a Ã¢â¬Ëflash- card catechism' into the story of the Lost Bride and her subjugation by the evil Church.Ã¢â¬ Sophie eyed him, looking incredulous. Ã¢â¬Å"I had no idea.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That's the point. By teaching through a metaphorical game, the followers of the Grail disguised their message from the watchful eye of the Church.Ã¢â¬ Langdon often wondered how many modern card players had any clue that their four suits Ã¢â¬â spades, hearts, clubs, diamonds Ã¢â¬â were Grail-related symbols that came directly from Tarot's four suits of swords, cups, scepters, and pentacles. Spades were Swords Ã¢â¬â The blade. Male. Hearts were Cups Ã¢â¬â The chalice. Feminine. Clubs were Scepters Ã¢â¬â The Royal Line. The flowering staff. Diamonds were Pentacles Ã¢â¬â The goddess. The sacred feminine. Four minutes later, as Langdon began feeling fearful they would not find what they had come for, the computer produced another hit. The Gravity of Genius: Biography of a Modern Knight. Ã¢â¬Å"Gravity of Genius?Ã¢â¬ Langdon called out to Gettum. Ã¢â¬Å"Bio of a modern knight?Ã¢â¬ Gettum stuck her head around the corner. Ã¢â¬Å"How modern? Please don't tell me it's your Sir Rudy Giuliani. Personally, I found that one a bit off the mark.Ã¢â¬ Langdon had his own qualms about the newly knighted Sir Mick Jagger, but this hardly seemed the moment to debate the politics of modern British knighthood. Ã¢â¬Å"Let's have a look.Ã¢â¬ Langdon summoned up the hypertext keywords. Ã¢â¬ ¦ honorable knight, Sir Isaac NewtonÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ in Londonin 1727 andÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ his tomb in Westminster AbbeyÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Alexander Pope, friend and colleagueÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"I guess Ã¢â¬Ëmodern' is a relative term,Ã¢â¬ Sophie called to Gettum. Ã¢â¬Å"It's an old book. About Sir Isaac Newton.Ã¢â¬ Gettum shook her head in the doorway. Ã¢â¬Å"No good. Newton was buried in Westminster Abbey, the seat of English Protestantism. There's no way a Catholic Pope was present. Cream and sugar?Ã¢â¬ Sophie nodded. Gettum waited. Ã¢â¬Å"Robert?Ã¢â¬ Langdon's heart was hammering. He pulled his eyes from the screen and stood up. Ã¢â¬Å"Sir Isaac Newton is our knight.Ã¢â¬ Sophie remained seated. Ã¢â¬Å"What are you talking about?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Newton is buried in London,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said. Ã¢â¬Å"His labors produced new sciences that incurred the wrath of the Church. And he was a Grand Master of the Priory of Sion. What more could we want?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What more?Ã¢â¬ Sophie pointed to the poem. Ã¢â¬Å"How about a knight a Pope interred? You heard Ms. Gettum. Newton was not buried by a Catholic Pope.Ã¢â¬ Langdon reached for the mouse. Ã¢â¬Å"Who said anything about a Catholic Pope?Ã¢â¬ He clicked on theÃ¢â¬ PopeÃ¢â¬ hyperlink, and the complete sentence appeared. Sir Isaac Newton's burial, attended by kings and nobles, was presided over by Alexander Pope, friend and colleague, who gave a stirring eulogy before sprinkling dirt on the tomb. Langdon looked at Sophie. Ã¢â¬Å"We had the correct Pope on our second hit. Alexander.Ã¢â¬ He paused. Ã¢â¬Å"A. Pope.Ã¢â¬ In London lies a knight A. Pope interred. Sophie stood up, looking stunned. Jacques Sauniere, the master of double-entendres, had proven once again that he was a frighteningly clever man. CHAPTER 96 Silas awoke with a start. He had no idea what had awoken him or how long he had been asleep. Was I dreaming? Sitting up now on his straw mat, he listened to the quiet breathing of the Opus Dei residence hall, the stillness textured only by the soft murmurs of someone praying aloud in a room below him. These were familiar sounds and should have comforted him. And yet he felt a sudden and unexpected wariness. Standing, wearing only his undergarments, Silas walked to the window. Was I followed? The courtyard below was deserted, exactly as he had seen it when he entered. He listened. Silence. Sowhy am I uneasy? Long ago Silas had learned to trust his intuition. Intuition had kept him alive as a child on the streets of Marseilles long before prisonÃ¢â¬ ¦ long before he was born again by the hand of Bishop Aringarosa. Peering out the window, he now saw the faint outline of a car through the hedge. On the car's roof was a police siren. A floorboard creaked in the hallway. A door latch moved. Silas reacted on instinct, surging across the room and sliding to a stop just behind the door as it crashed open. The first police officer stormed through, swinging his gun left then right at what appeared an empty room. Before he realized where Silas was, Silas had thrown his shoulder into the door, crushing a second officer as he came through. As the first officer wheeled to shoot, Silas dove for his legs. The gun went off, the bullet sailing above Silas's head, just as he connected with the officer's shins, driving his legs out from under him, and sending the man down, his head hitting the floor. The second officer staggered to his feet in the doorway, and Silas drove a knee into his groin, then went clambering over the writhing body into the hall. Almost naked, Silas hurled his pale body down the staircase. He knew he had been betrayed, but by whom? When he reached the foyer, more officers were surging through the front door. Silas turned the other way and dashed deeper into the residence hall. The women's entrance.Every Opus Dei building has one.Winding down narrow hallways, Silas snaked through a kitchen, past terrified workers, who left to avoid the naked albino as he knocked over bowls and silverware, bursting into a dark hallway near the boiler room. He now saw the door he sought, an exit light gleaming at the end. Running full speed through the door out into the rain, Silas leapt off the low landing, not seeing the officer coming the other way until it was too late. The two men collided, Silas's broad, naked shoulder grinding into the man's sternum with crushing force. He drove the officer backward onto the pavement, landing hard on top of him. The officer's gun clattered away. Silas could hear men running down the hall shouting. Rolling, he grabbed the loose gun just as the officers emerged. A shot rang out on the stairs, and Silas felt a searing pain below his ribs. Filled with rage, he opened fire at all three officers, their blood spraying. A dark shadow loomed behind, coming out of nowhere. The angry hands that grabbed at his bare shoulders felt as if they were infused with the power of the devil himself. The man roared in his ear. SILAS, NO! Silas spun and fired. Their eyes met. Silas was already screaming in horror as Bishop Aringarosa fell. CHAPTER 97 More than three thousand people are entombed or enshrined within Westminster Abbey. The colossal stone interior burgeons with the remains of kings, statesmen, scientists, poets, and musicians. Their tombs, packed into every last niche and alcove, range in grandeur from the most regal of mausoleums Ã¢â¬â that of Queen Elizabeth I, whose canopied sarcophagus inhabits its own private, apsidal chapel Ã¢â¬â down to the most modest etched floor tiles whose inscriptions have worn away with centuries of foot traffic, leaving it to one's imagination whose relics might lie below the tile in the undercroft. Designed in the style of the great cathedrals of Amiens, Chartres, and Canterbury, Westminster Abbey is considered neither cathedral nor parish church. It bears the classification of royal peculiar, subject only to the Sovereign. Since hosting the coronation of William the Conqueror on Christmas Day in 1066, the dazzling sanctuary has witnessed an endless procession of royal ceremonies and affairs of state Ã¢â¬â from the canonization of Edward the Confessor, to the marriage of Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, to the funerals of Henry V, Queen Elizabeth I, and Lady Diana. Even so, Robert Langdon currently felt no interest in any of the abbey's ancient history, save one event Ã¢â¬â the funeral of the British knight Sir Isaac Newton. In London lies a knight a Pope interred. Hurrying through the grand portico on the north transept, Langdon and Sophie were met by guards who politely ushered them through the abbey's newest addition Ã¢â¬â a large walk-through metal detector Ã¢â¬â now present in most historic buildings in London. They both passed through without setting off the alarm and continued to the abbey entrance. Stepping across the threshold into Westminster Abbey, Langdon felt the outside world evaporate with a sudden hush. No rumble of traffic. No hiss of rain. Just a deafening silence, which seemed to reverberate back and forth as if the building were whispering to itself. Langdon's and Sophie's eyes, like those of almost every visitor, shifted immediately skyward, where the abbey's great abyss seemed to explode overhead. Gray stone columns ascended like redwoods into the shadows, arching gracefully over dizzying expanses, and then shooting back down to the stone floor. Before them, the wide alley of the north transept stretched out like a deep canyon, flanked by sheer cliffs of stained glass. On sunny days, the abbey floor was a prismatic patchwork of light. Today, the rain and darkness gave this massive hollow a wraithlike auraÃ¢â¬ ¦ more like that of the crypt it truly was. Ã¢â¬Å"It's practically empty,Ã¢â¬ Sophie whispered. Langdon felt disappointed. He had hoped for a lot more people. A more public place.Their earlier experience in the deserted Temple Church was not one Langdon wanted to repeat. He had been anticipating a certain feeling of security in the popular tourist destination, but Langdon's recollections of bustling throngs in a well-lit abbey had been formed during the peak summer tourist season. Today was a rainy April morning. Rather than crowds and shimmering stained glass, all Langdon saw was acres of desolate floor and shadowy, empty alcoves. Ã¢â¬Å"We passed through metal detectors,Ã¢â¬ Sophie reminded, apparently sensing Langdon's apprehension. Ã¢â¬Å"If anyone is in here, they can't be armed.Ã¢â¬ Langdon nodded but still felt circumspect. He had wanted to bring the London police with them, but Sophie's fears of who might be involved put a damper on any contact with the authorities. We need to recover the cryptex, Sophie had insisted. It is the key to everything. She was right, of course. The key to getting Leigh back alive. The key to finding the Holy Grail. The key to learning who is behind this. Unfortunately, their only chance to recover the keystone seemed to be here and nowÃ¢â¬ ¦ at the tomb of Isaac Newton. Whoever held the cryptex would have to pay a visit to the tomb to decipher the final clue, and if they had not already come and gone, Sophie and Langdon intended to intercept them. Striding toward the left wall to get out of the open, they moved into an obscure side aisle behind a row of pilasters. Langdon couldn't shake the image of Leigh Teabing being held captive, probably tied up in the back of his own limousine. Whoever had ordered the top Priory members killed would not hesitate to eliminate others who stood in the way. It seemed a cruel irony that Teabing Ã¢â¬â a modern British knight Ã¢â¬â was a hostage in the search for his own countryman, Sir Isaac Newton. Ã¢â¬Å"Which way is it?Ã¢â¬ Sophie asked, looking around. The tomb.Langdon had no idea. Ã¢â¬Å"We should find a docent and ask.Ã¢â¬ Langdon knew better than to wander aimlessly in here. Westminster Abbey was a tangled warren of mausoleums, perimeter chambers, and walk-in burial niches. Like the Louvre's Grand Gallery, it had a lone point of entry Ã¢â¬â the door through which they had just passed Ã¢â¬â easy to find your way in, but impossible to find your way out. A literal tourist trap, one of Langdon's befuddled colleagues had called it. Keeping architectural tradition, the abbey was laid out in the shape of a giant crucifix. Unlike most churches, however, it had its entrance on the side, rather than the standard rear of the church via the narthex at the bottom of the nave. Moreover, the abbey had a series of sprawling cloisters attached. One false step through the wrong archway, and a visitor was lost in a labyrinth of outdoor passageways surrounded by high walls. Ã¢â¬Å"Docents wear crimson robes,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said, approaching the center of the church. Peering obliquely across the towering gilded altar to the far end of the south transept, Langdon saw several people crawling on their hands and knees. This prostrate pilgrimage was a common occurrence in Poets' Corner, although it was far less holy than it appeared. Tourists doing grave rubbings. Ã¢â¬Å"I don't see any docents,Ã¢â¬ Sophie said. Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe we can find the tomb on our own?Ã¢â¬ Without a word, Langdon led her another few steps to the center of the abbey and pointed to the right. Sophie drew a startled breath as she looked down the length of the abbey's nave, the full magnitude of the building now visible. Ã¢â¬Å"Aah,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Let's find a docent.Ã¢â¬ At that moment, a hundred yards down the nave, out of sight behind the choir screen, the stately tomb of Sir Isaac Newton had a lone visitor. The Teacher had been scrutinizing the monument for ten minutes now. Newton's tomb consisted of a massive black-marble sarcophagus on which reclined the sculpted form of Sir Isaac Newton, wearing classical costume, and leaning proudly against a stack of his own books Ã¢â¬â Divinity, Chronology, Opticks, and Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. At Newton's feet stood two winged boys holding a scroll. Behind Newton's recumbent body rosean austere pyramid. Although the pyramid itself seemed an oddity, it was the giant shape mounted halfway up the pyramid that most intrigued the Teacher. An orb. The Teacher pondered Sauniere's beguiling riddle. You seek the orb that ought be on his tomb.The massive orb protruding from the face of the pyramid was carved in basso-relievo and depicted allkinds of heavenly bodies Ã¢â¬â constellations, signs of the zodiac, comets, stars, and planets. Above it, the image of the Goddess of Astronomy beneath a field of stars. Countless orbs. The Teacher had been convinced that once he found the tomb, discerning the missing orb would be easy. Now he was not so sure. He was gazing at a complicated map of the heavens. Was there a missing planet? Had some astronomical orb been omitted from a constellation? He had no idea. Even so, the Teacher could not help but suspect that the solution would be ingeniously clean and simple Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"a knight a pope interred.Ã¢â¬ What orb am I looking for? Certainly, an advanced knowledge of astrophysics was not a prerequisite for finding the Holy Grail, was it? It speaks of Rosy flesh and seeded womb. The Teacher's concentration was broken by several approaching tourists. He slipped the cryptex back in his pocket and watched warily as the visitors went to a nearby table, left a donation in the cup, and restocked on the complimentary grave-rubbing supplies set out by the abbey. Armed with fresh charcoal pencils and large sheets of heavy paper, they headed off toward the front of the abbey, probably to the popular Poets' Corner to pay their respects to Chaucer, Tennyson, and Dickens by rubbing furiously on their graves. Alone again, he stepped closer to the tomb, scanning it from bottom to top. He began with the clawed feet beneath the sarcophagus, moved upward past Newton, past his books on science, past the two boys with their mathematical scroll, up the face of the pyramid to the giant orb with its constellations, and finally up to the niche's star-filled canopy. What orb ought to be hereÃ¢â¬ ¦and yet is missing? He touched the cryptex in his pocket as if he could somehow divine the answer from Sauniere's crafted marble. Only five letters separate me from the Grail. Pacing now near the corner of the choir screen, he took a deep breath and glanced up the long nave toward the main altar in the distance. His gaze dropped from the gilded altar down to the bright crimson robe of an abbey docent who was being waved over by two very familiar individuals. Langdon and Neveu. Calmly, the Teacher moved two steps back behind the choir screen. That was fast.He had anticipated Langdon and Sophie would eventually decipher the poem's meaning and come to Newton's tomb, but this was sooner than he had imagined. Taking a deep breath, the Teacher considered his options. He had grown accustomed to dealing with surprises. I am holding the cryptex. Reaching down to his pocket, he touched the second object that gave him his confidence: the Medusa revolver. As expected, the abbey's metal detectors had blared as the Teacher passed through with the concealed gun. Also as expected, the guards had backed off at once when the Teacher glared indignantly and flashed his identification card. Official rank always commanded the proper respect. Although initially the Teacher had hoped to solve the cryptex alone and avoid any further complications, he now sensed that the arrival of Langdon and Neveu was actually a welcome development. Considering the lack of success he was having with the Ã¢â¬Ëorb' reference, he might be able to use their expertise. After all, if Langdon had deciphered the poem to find the tomb, there was a reasonable chance he also knew something about the orb. And if Langdon knew the password, then it was just a matter of applying the right pressure. Not here, of course.Somewhere private. The Teacher recalled a small announcement sign he had seen on his way into the abbey. Immediately he knew the perfect place to lure them. The only question nowÃ¢â¬ ¦ what to use as bait.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
1) A. A trip to the ocean can be a relaxing escape from the everyday pressures of life. b). You should have always be careful to avoid overexposure to the sun at the beach. 2) 1. Check for punctuation,including capitalization 2. watch for grammatical errors. 3) look for paragraph indentation 4) keep your eyes focused on one line at a time 3). a chiches Ã¢â¬âare worn out expressions b. I have to face the facts when IÃ¢â¬â¢m wrong. 4) Intuitive writing is when you donÃ¢â¬â¢t write down anything until you think about the writing project. Researching is a form of prewriting because youÃ¢â¬â¢re not writing down anything you are searching for ideas for writing. 5). C. once I get my ham ,mayo,knife,bread and plate to the talbe I start to make my sandwich. I will get out two slices of bread get my knife and spread mayo on both pieces. Then I will place my ham on both sides of my bread. After that I put my slices of bread together . so I can eat my favorite sandwich 6)c. In this world two day itÃ¢â¬â¢s hard to find good paying jobs. ood paying jobs are looking for you to have your high school diploma. without an high school diploma you is more likely to be working somewere for minimum wage. me,myself donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to work at minimum wage jobs all my life. thats why I have taken it upon myself to go back to school. i am very determined to get my high school diploma and a degree in sumthing I love to do . then hopefully I can get me a good paying job without setting for less. So a high school diploma is very important to my future.