Thursday, August 27, 2020
Case in inspiration and cooperation of Starbuck Essay Case in inspiration and cooperation of Starbuck Presentation Question 1 Ã Formal groups are groups whose structures are plainly characterized basically of the premise of specialization. In these kinds of groups, the individuals are not equivalent and all of them has a position (Moorhead Griffin, 73). For instance, there are administrators, chiefs and other junior representatives. It is commendable noticing that each individual from a conventional group plays out their particular obligations. For instance, administrators remain in their workplaces and issues orders to their youngsters. Then again, casual groups have no structure and all colleagues are viewed as equivalent paying little mind to their claim to fame. In these sorts of groups, any part can play out any errand. Question 2 A group in Starbucks comprises of three to six individuals and this encourages the workers to know each other well. Any sentiment communicated by representatives is given an equivalent criticalness paying little heed to their position. The top administration at Starbucks cooperate with their youngsters which makes them progressively recognizable and closer contrasted with other bureaucratic organizations. The administration at Starbucks regards all representatives as equivalents and this is planned for diminishing the hole between the workers and the administration. The top administration at the organization accepts that workers are its primary soul. Thusly, the administration receives an intuitive authoritative structure that makes the workers love their employments and perform them with enthusiasm. Question 3 a) The size of a group is a significant factor since it decides how well the colleagues know one another. This is significant in light of the fact that it achieves attachment in the work place. b) The principal advantage of Starbucks having little groups of staff in each branch is that the colleagues become acquainted with one another better. Besides, it improves correspondence inside the gathering. Question 4 Ã From the Starbucks contextual analysis, obviously there are three significant issues that the organization needs to address in its arranging procedure to be specific tuning in to the assessment of its representatives, equivalent treatment and guaranteeing great government assistance for the workers. Ã Equal treatment-this is one of the significant issues that the organization needs to address in its arranging procedure. Equivalent treatment requires all representatives to be dealt with similarly paying little heed to their position. As indicated by the contextual investigation, obviously the administration at the organization regards all workers as equivalents and alludes to them as accomplices. This is significant in light of the fact that it limits the hole between the workers and the administration. Rewarding each representative reasonably and similarly in the work environment brings about an agreeable workplace. Subsequently, if the issue of equivalent treatment is tended to in the arranging procedure, it will help in making nearer working climate and great administration (Rynes Rosen 64). Ã Listening to the representatives tuning in to the workers is other issue that requires to be tended to in the arranging procedure. From the Starbucks case, obviously the organization needs every representative to participate in creating plans and work as a group to accomplish the set objectives. Therefore, the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s standards and strategies are imparted to all workers, and there is no limitation in the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s singular assessments. By tuning in to the workers, causes them to feel significant which thus propels them subsequently expanding their profitability (Rynes Rosen, 83). References Moorhead, G., Griffin, R. W. Overseeing authoritative conduct. (tenth ed.). Cengage Learning., 2012. Print Rynes, S., Rosen, B. A field overview of components influencing the reception and saw achievement of assorted variety preparing. Faculty Psychology, 1995. Print Source record
Saturday, August 22, 2020
By what means can client disappointment lead to higher benefits for the organization? Organizations have discovered that badly educated clients can be helpful for them regarding benefits. A few organizations have manhandled their clients purposefully, anyway others accidentally misused and exploited them. The Slippery slant: There are two significant manners by which organizations make benefits by deluding their clients: * Offering the clients a wide assortment of administrations or items, which can be befuddling, particularly when there is absence of straightforwardness. Additionally, if even the data is finished for the clients, the organizations can take points of interest of consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ troubles in foreseeing their necessities. * Using charges and punishments for counterbalancing costs and disheartening unwanted client conduct. These unfriendly procedures are basic from banking and lodging businesses to video stores and vehicle rentals. Here especially 3 businesses will be talked about in subtleties: mobile phone industry, retail-banking industry and fitness center industry. PDA industry: When a client pursues a help plan, he picks a specific valuing choice with various scopes of minutes. These plans can have different limitations and remittances. Notwithstanding, these differed plans are not a consequence of client driven procedure. They are fairly approaches to exploit customerÃ¢â¬â¢s ignorance of which intend to pick, in the consequence of which clients can be punished either for utilizing an excess of time or for not utilizing enough. Be that as it may, such methodologies can't generally ensure benefits for the organization. They can build the disappointment among clients, the evidence of which can be a large number of grievances that the U. S. Government Communications Commission gets every year. These objections ought to be troubling to organizations since clients can switch toward a straightforward and benevolent other option. Retail-banking industry: Another circle where the organization driven methodology is utilized is retail-banking industry. For joining in the financial records individuals are offered many other options. On the off chance that the clients can't exactly anticipate their requirements, they can have misfortunes. Here are a few instances of circumstances when the banks exploit over the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ numbness * The clients get less premium when the consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ balances are over the base of the equalization can and if the alances fall beneath the base level, they need to take care of certain punishments. * Banks as a rule charge the consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ checks in the request for size, as opposed to in a sequential request, for the remainder of the checks to bob and to cause numerous overdrafts, thus punishments. The organization driven system of banks prompted the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ disappointment and it turned out to be inescapable to such an extent that New York congresswoman Carolyn Maloney reintroduced the Consumer Overdraft Protection Fair Practices Act to prohibit banks charging overdraft security expenses, except if the clients unequivocally are educated about the administration. Fitness center industry: Health clubs entice clients to sign long haul contracts, realizing that they will once in a while visit the club. They understand that every one of their clients won't totally utilize the office and in this way sell a larger number of participations than they have the floor space to oblige. Also, an examination led by the New York City Council inferred that 41% of clubs didnÃ¢â¬â¢t clarify their charges recorded as a hard copy, 81% didnÃ¢â¬â¢t give potential individuals an agreement to peruse at home and 96% didnÃ¢â¬â¢t illuminate clients regarding all the manners in which they could lawfully drop an agreement. In New Jersey a great deal of objections have brought case against right around two dozen fitness centers that gave false agreements. Gyms require to invest more energy to pull in new clients in light of the fact that their current ones attempt to discover an exit plan. Also they even urge approaches to hold clients with remuneration focuses for individuals who work out routinely. The admonition signs: According to the exploration the greater part of the officials are recognizing the negative impacts of the capacities portrayed above however they notice that those activities don't speak to a deliberate system. The officials realize that in light of these negative practices the organizations slid down the dangerous slant and experience issues for buying in transit back up in this way getting powerless for the contenders. For staying away from this training the officials ought to ask themselves the inquiries referenced roar. * Are our most gainful clients the individuals who have motivations to be disappointed with us? * Do we have rules we need clients to break in light of the fact that doing so produces benefits? Do we make it hard for clients to comprehend or submit to our standards, and do we really assist clients with breaking them? * Do we rely upon agreements to keep clients from absconding? Moving go into favor: Effective CEOs can perceive the chances and kill the negative impacts which make the organization powerless. The organization driven techniques can cause loss of the objective market and benefit in a drawn out period, accordingly numerous organizations favor being monetarily maintainable.
Friday, August 21, 2020
How to Create an Outline For Research PaperYou're planning to write a research paper. What's the best way to create an outline for the paper? This article will discuss some of the options you have and help you choose which one is best for you.The first option you have for creating an outline is to hire a professional. Researching and writing an outline will likely require more than the abilities of a college student.Also, many college students are not experienced enough in research and writing, to be able to understand everything the pros are writing. Of course, if you do choose this option, you may still need a competent ghostwriter. A ghostwriter can ensure that you do your job well.Another alternative to creating an outline is to look at some examples. One of the best places to look is an outline you might see online. That way, you can see what it looks like when it's written by someone else. You can learn from it and get ideas from it.As a professional, you will want to get yours elf writing as quickly as possible, and get yourself looking for new knowledge. Using an outline will help you think about the information you want to find, and go out and find it. This will cut down on the time it takes to actually get to the information you want.If you are a project manager, you may want to use an outline as a project manager. In that case, you will only create the outline after you have collected the data and created a presentation for it. Then, you can use the outline to guide you through creating the information that goes into your presentation.The last option for you as a project manager is to use an outline as a reference. Before you can write your own report, you must make sure that you can write the outline you need. In that case, an outline will also give you information on what data you should gather and how to store it.Having an outline is just as much of a benefit as having a document with project management tools. It will help you plan your time manage ment and provide you with the information you need. And, since most project managers have an outline, it will be easier for them to keep track of all the different types of information they are gathering.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Its trueÃ¢â¬âgood things often come in small packages. And short quotes are popular among those looking for inspiration. The reason for this is fairly obvious. Short quotes make a strong impact on listeners. The messages are crisply worded, to the point, and unforgettable. These quotes leave little room for misinterpretation. Why Short Doses of Inspiration Work Like Magic Often you wake up to a not-so-glorious day. Your boss is breathing down your neck, your child is throwing a tantrum, and your mother-in-law annoys you with her valuable advice on parenting yet again. You badly want to run away from this mad world but you cant. So how do you handle the stress? There are many stress-busting solutions, from getting a relaxing massage to listening to a spiritual sermon. But some solutions may be impractical. A quick and easy wayÃ to calm those frayed nerves is to read some inspirational quotes, particularly ones that are short and to the point. These quotes leave a lot of room for interpretation and motivate you to ponder over your actions and thoughts. Write them in a journal, on your calendar, or scribble them on sticky notes and slap them on the fridgeÃ¢â¬âanywhere where their message will imprint on your brain, and turn thought into action. Here are a few from some of our most inspirational voices to help you shift your perspective, think big, and believe in yourself: Henry David Thoreau Its not what you look at that matters, its what you see.Ã Malcolm Forbes Failure is success if we learn from it.Ã Simone Weil I can, therefore I am.Ã Tom Peters If youÃ¢â¬â¢re not confused, youÃ¢â¬â¢re not paying attention. Lewis Carroll EverythingÃ¢â¬â¢s got a moral, if only you can find it. George Harrison ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all in the mind.Ã JosÃ © Saramago Chaos is merely order waiting to be deciphered.Ã Edmund Hillary Ã¢â¬â¹It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves. Walt Disney If you dream it, you can do it.Ã Michel de Montaigne Ã¢â¬â¹Ambition is not a vice of little people.Ã Antoine de Saint-Exupery A goal without a plan is just a wish. John Muir The power of imagination makes us infinite.Ã Albert Einstein Ã¢â¬â¹Great ideas often receive violent opposition from mediocre minds.Ã Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Ã¢â¬â¹A clever man commits no minor blunders.Ã Pablo Picasso Ã¢â¬â¹Everything you can imagine is real.Ã Marsha Norman Dreams are illustrations from the book your soul is writing about you.Ã John F. Kennedy Ã¢â¬â¹Those who dare to fail miserably can achieve greatly.Ã Aristotle Hope is a waking dream.Ã Eleanor Roosevelt Ã¢â¬â¹You must do the thing you think you cannot do. Dorothy Bernard Courage is fear that has said its prayers.Ã Oprah Winfrey Ã¢â¬â¹Turn your wounds into wisdom.Ã Coco Chanel Ã¢â¬â¹The most courageous act is still to think for yourself. Aloud. Ray Bradbury Life is trying things to see if they work.Ã Robert Frost Ã¢â¬â¹The best way out is always through.Ã Dolly Parton Find out who you are and do it on purpose. Ralph Waldo Emerson Adopt the pace of nature. Her secret is patience.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The 16th century was a time of unprecedented change that saw the very beginning of the modern era of science, great exploration, religious and political turmoil, and extraordinary literature. In 1543, Copernicus published his theory that the earth was not the center of the universe, but rather, that the Earth and the other planets orbited around the sun. Called the Copernican Revolution, his theory forever changed astronomy, and ultimately changed all of science. During theÃ 16th century, advancements were also made in the theories of mathematics, cosmography, geography, and natural history. In this century inventions related to the fields of engineering, mining, navigation, and the military arts were prominent. 1500Ã¢â¬â1509 In 1500, the wheel-lock musket was invented, a firearm device that could be fired by a single individual, ushering in a new form of warfare. Renaissance artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci began painting his Mona Lisa in 1503, and finished it three years later; in 1508, Michaelangelo began painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome. The first reported enslaved person is described in the Americas in 1502; and in 1506, Genovese explorer Christopher Columbus, discoverer of that New World, died in Valladolid,Ã Spain. 1510Ã¢â¬â1519 The Renaissance continued to fire up the modern artists and technicians during this second decade. In 1510, Da Vinci designed the horizontal water wheel; and in Nuremberg, Germany Peter Henlein invented the first portable pocket watch. The Swiss artist Urs Graf invented etching in his studio in 1513, and the same year Machiavelli wrote The Prince. The Protestant Reformation began in 1517 when firebrand Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on a church door in Saxony. The year 1519 saw the death of Da Vinci in Amboise, France, at the age of 67; the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan left Seville on August 10, 1519, to explore the globe; and Charles I, King of Spain, became the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. 1520Ã¢â¬â1529 In 1521, two years after he left Seville, Magellan was killed in the Philippines; only 18 of his 270 shipmates made it home to Spain. In 1527, Charles V took his army and sacked Rome, ending the Italian Renaissance. 1530Ã¢â¬â1539 In 1531, King Henry VIII broke away from Rome and created the Church of England, naming himself the head of the church, and beginning decades of political upheaval; he had his second wife Anne Boleyn beheaded in London in 1536. The Ottoman Empire captured Baghdad in 1534. In 1532, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca Empire in South America. The city of Buenos Aires in what would become Argentina was founded in 1536. 1540Ã¢â¬â1549 The Polish astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus published his blasphemous theory that the earth and planets revolved around the sun in 1543; King Henry VIII died in England in 1547. The Ming Dynasty government of China led by Zhu Houcong, the Jiajing Emperor, closed the nation to all foreign trade in 1548. 1550Ã¢â¬â1559 The political disruption led by Henry VIII continued after this death. In 1553, his daughter Mary Tudor, known as Bloody Mary, became queen regent of England and restored the Church of England to papal authority. But in 1558, after Mary died Henrys daughter by Anne Boleyn, her half-sister Elizabeth Tudor became Queen Elizabeth I, beginning the Elizabethan Era, widely regarded as the pinnacle of the English Renaissance. 1560Ã¢â¬â1569 The 1560s saw the resurgence of the bubonic plague, which killed 80,000 people in England in 1563, 20,000 in London alone. English essayist Francis Bacon was born in LondonÃ in 1561, and playwright William Shakespeare was born on Stratford-on-Avon in 1564. That same year, Italian scientist and inventor Galileo Galilei was born in Florence, Italy. A graphite pencil was invented by the German-Swiss naturalist Conrad Gesner in 1565; bottled beer appeared in London pubs in 1568, and Gerardus Mercator invented the Mercator map projection in 1569. 1570Ã¢â¬â1579 In 1571, Pope PiousÃ V established Holy League to combat Ottoman Turks; and in 1577 English explorer Francis Drake began his voyage around the world. 1580Ã¢â¬â1589 In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII established the Gregorian calendar, which remains in use, with some modifications, to this day.Ã In 1585, the Colony of Roanoke was established by English settlers in territory that would later become Virginia.Ã Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed as a traitor by Queen Elizabeth I in 1587. In 1588, England resoundingly defeated the Spanish Armada, and in 1589, Englishman William Lee invented the knitting machine called the stocking frame. 1590Ã¢â¬â1599 In the Netherlands, Zacharias Janssen invented the compound microscope in 1590; Galileo invented the water thermometer in 1593. In1596, Rene Descartes, future philosopher, and mathematician, was born in France; and the first flush toilets appeared, invented and built for Queen Elizabeth I.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Children are introduced to drugs and alcohol at a very young age. Many of them see alcohol and drugs in their homes, used by their parents on daily bases. Some of these children dont even realize that it is wrong, not normal, and not accepted in other homes until they are old enough to understand that situation in their home is a problem and that it is wrong. Minors usually begin using alcohol at around age 13. Statistics show that by the time they are high school sinners, 81 percent of teens have used alcohol. Alcohol consumption and alcohol abuse are more widespread among young people than many adults realize. According to Websters New World Medical Dictionary, 3rd Edition, Ã¢â¬Å"Addiction is a chronic relapsing condition characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and abuse and by long-lasting chemical changes in the brain. Addiction is the same irrespective of whether the drug is alcohol, amphetamines, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, or nicotine. Every addictive substance induces pleasant states or relieves distress. Continue use of addictive substances induces adaptive changes in the brain that lead to tolerance, physical dependence, uncontrollable craving and, all too often, relapse. Dependence is at such a point that stopping is very difficult and causes severe physical and mental damage from withdrawal (WILLIAM C. SHIEL JR., 2008). Over the past two decades, many researchers have identified subgroups of alcohol and drug user based in similarities like drinking styleShow MoreRelatedSubstance Use Disorders ( Suds )1720 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdetermined that children raised by substance using parents are at an increased risk for developing substance use disorders (SUDs) in adulthood as a result of familial dissemination of substance abuse through both the environments in which the children are raised and genetic susceptibility (Merikangas et al., 1998; Merikangas Avenevoli, 2000). Unfortunately, there is an insignificant amount of literature examining the effects that the combined treatment and recovery of substance abusing parents has on theRead MoreThe Social Problem Of Teenage Drinking725 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageshow dangerous alcohol can be. Although the health risks of heavy drinking are known and understood, the social habit continues to be accepted as a cultural norm. Is it surprising then, that the young peop le are beginning to drink at school ages. The reality is that alcohol is often the cause of many problems among these teenagers. Simply put, alcohol ruins many young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, and is now of the most serious problems young people face. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and HealthRead MoreCAPA Case Analysis803 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimprove foster care for children and permanent placement (Myers, 2008). CAPTA paved the way for all these policies to exist. Social Overview Over history there has been much debate by Americans on the role of the state with childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being. However, The United Nations created the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959, which gave rights to children (Moody, 2015). In the 1960s the civil rights laws were passed. With the passing of the Declaration of Rights of Children and the civil rightsRead MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On Teen Substance1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMost parents believe that it is just either school or friends as to why teenagers get into drugs and alcohol (Impact of Social Media on Teen Substance). The one thing parents do not think about at to why their teenager is involved in drugs and alcohol is social media, and it could be a big reason (Impact of Social Media on Teen Substance). Parents talk to their children on how to make the right decision related to drugs and alcohol, but forget they need to address how to make right decisions onRead MoreWhen I Say That Biological Factors Play A Key Role In The1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinheritance so research has found to be most promising through family history. Ã¢â¬Å"That is, it can be passed down from parent to child by way of genes.Ã¢â¬ (LEARN.GENETICS.UTAH.EDU) DNA comparison is key and what scientists will look for are genes that are common among those who do suffer from the addiction disease and at the same time are less frequent among those who do not. The progress that has been made from research on addiction has come as far as it has with the use animal models; mice. Our functionsRead MoreA Brief Note On Overcoming The Family Addiction974 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbe. My aunt overcame a family built on drug addiction. Her name is Tina Bree Prioleau. In order to be successful regardless of your background, you need to understand what is important to you, to recognize your weaknesses without hiding behind them, to strive for greatness as well as open new doors in life. First off let me tell you a little more about Tina B. Prioleau. Tina was born July 25, 1989 to Carol Thomas. She was the youngest out of three children an older sister, Brandyce Prioleau, andRead MoreKeeping secrets1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThere are many reasons why a parent or an adult uses physical abuse on a child. The parents or adult could have come from an abusive home himself or herself. If that is all that the adult was taught growing up, then that is all he or she is going to know. This is what makes it possible for it to be passed down to their children and their children will pass it down to their children. It is an endless chain of abuse. Alcohol and drugs play a big role in child abuse. The parents are already stressed outRead MoreAddiction essay summary1093 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTeens all across the world are facing addiction; they are becoming addicted to drugs and alcohol. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s happening right under our noses whether they are getting it from their house, groc ery stores amp; pharmacies, even at schools and parties. Teen addiction comes with a lot of consequences anywhere from jail time to even death. It is important to watch for signs such as blood shot eyes, knowing how to prevent it from happening in your teens life, find out all the treatment plans for you teen if itRead MoreTeenagers and Drug Abuse Essay1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswho struggle with drug addiction began experimenting with drugs in their teens. Teenage drug abuse is one of the largest problems in society today and the problem grows and larger every year. Drugs are a pervasive force in our culture today. To expect kids not to be influenced by the culture of their time is as unrealistic as believing in the tooth fairy (Bauman 140). Teens may feel pressured by their friends to try drugs, they may have easy access to drugs, they may use drugs to rebel againstRead MoreThe Influence Of Technology On Teenagers1246 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDo Technology deceives affect Teenage rs? Should parents limit how much time children spend on technology devices? Technology forms the growing mind. The younger the mind, the more adaptable it is, the younger the technology, the more unproven it is. The young minds and lives will improve, society gains, and education will be changed for the better. This experiment involves children getting using technology at school and/or at home in belief that technology will improve the aspect of learning and
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
In addition, Pinker created what was allied the rogues gallery which detailed the names and operations of known criminals and their associates. During the European Industrial Revolution, thief catchers (now known as informants, snitches, and a variety of other names) were hired to help law enforcement catch criminals, a practice which is obviously still In use today. In addition, thief catchers were also criminals In their own right, which made it easier to infiltrate the targeted criminals.In eighteenth century Paris, a personal identification system, known as the Brillion System, became the first yester based on the Idea that human characteristics such skeleton size and eye color were the same throughout a persons life. In the rand eighteenth century, the study of fingerprints became a popular way to identify crime suspects. They did not learn until the turn of the century that each persons fingerprints were unique and could not be changed. Scotland yard, founded In the early eighteenth century, was the model that the FBI modeled Itself after Initially.All of these are examples In which criminal investigations of today have been influenced, directly and indirectly, by the east and the progress that has been made in the time that has gone by since then. 2. Q: Discuss ways In which the media have affected our perceptions of the reality of criminal Investigation. A: As with any field outside the scope of the public arena, the medias perspective on crime investigation is almost entirely responsible for the perceptions of the general public because the media has a much larger audience.Rather than studying the topic, the general public chooses to get their Information from the media. A fantastic example of how the public gains Information about rimming investigation in particular, is known as the CSS effect. In recent years, numerous TV shows based on the roles and duties of law enforcement and crime scene Investigators have received very high ratings from their viewing audience, thereby creating a considerable amount of Interest In the field of forensic science.Of course, these shows are rarely ever based on reality, and people often form assumptions about the capacity and range of law enforcements abilities regarding investigations, and the Idea that law enforcement has virtually unlimited resources. However, In reality, law enforcement Is very Limited as to what they are able to do In comparison with the space-age type of investigation tools and techniques used on television. There is much more bureaucratic red tape, and the technologies displayed on television simply do not exist.In addition, the CSS effect gives the inaccurate Impression that every crime Is given individualized attention, and that each crime Is solved quickly using the latest In technological advances. Again, the advances used on television do not exist in the real world, and the volume of cases in the real world OFF each of them in a timely fashion. In reality, many crimes go unsolved, many take a long time to solve, and there is simply not enough time in a day to fixate each individual crime where there are so much more than need the attention of law enforcement. 3.Q: Discuss the role of the FBI and how it has changed criminal investigation over the years. A: The official role of the FBI is to protect the US from terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce laws of the US, and to provide aid and services to other law enforcement agencies. The FBI investigates crimes after hey happen, and employs numerous measures to prevent crime. In 1929, the FBI introduced the I-JAR crime report, which collects information on serious crimes reported to law enforcement. These crimes include homicide, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.Among the categories of crime investigated are terrorism, espionage, government corruption, organized crime, white collar crime, violent crimes, and major thefts. The FBI has made vast progress in the field of investigation by introducing methods of identifying suspects, such as fingerprinting. The FBI also uses expert systems, which are computer models used to profile certain types of criminals. One of them is the system used by the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, which develops investigative strategies based on theories which are formed from the criminal profiles which are dependent on the findings of computer models.Many of these system specialize in one area of expertise, such blood serum analysis, counterterrorism, and so forth. One more development by the FBI which drastically hanged how it conducts investigations was the development of what are known as relational databases which have the ability to quickly and efficiently sort large quantities of records and information. The most widely known of these databases was known as Big Floyd, which the FBI used for many years.Since the creation of Big Floyd, there have been massive and unprecedented improvements to such databases to adapt to more modern problems. In 1999, the national sex offender registry, which was created as part of an upgrade of the Bis current computer systems, was introduced to the internet. Yet another system the FBI has used in its investigations is face recognition technology, called leaner, has been used to age photographs of missing children to give investigators and law enforcement of good idea of what the child would look like after all the time the child has been missing.A similar system is being used by police sketch artists to draw sketches or suspects. All of these are more are Just some of the advances and improvements made in the criminal investigations field since the creation of the FBI. 4. Q: List and discuss promising developments in criminal investigation technology hat have emerged in recent years. A: As mentioned previously, numerous computer systems exist today to aid law enforcement in investigations. These are called smart systems and relational databases.Among these systems are the national sex offender registry; leaner, which age photographs of missing children to help locate them years after theyve gone missing; the Total Information Awareness information sorting and pattern matching software to sort through numerous government and business databases in an attempt to identify suspected terror wreaths; and another promising new piece of technology is called the Combat Zones That SEE program, which is being developed for military use on foreign soil, which will build a large surveillance system by networking existing cameras from numerous popular and frequented surveillance points such as parking lots and train platforms, which send images to highly advanced computer processors which are capable of recognizing suspects by physical characteristics such as eyes, hair color, facial features, body language, etc. 5. Q: Explain the differences between proactive and reactive investiga tions. A: The differences between the two types of investigations are the same differences between proactive and reactive reasoning. Reactive investigations are those that are conducting after the commission of a crime; for example, inspecting a murder victim for fibers the killer may have left behind in an attempt to create a profile of the kind of person who committed the murder. Other parts of the reactive investigation include interviewing witnesses, and using the evidence found at the crime to at least attempt to identify and/or arrest the suspected perpetrator. Proactive investigations, n the other hand, are investigations conducted before a crime is committed because a crime has been anticipated, and the suspected perpetrator has already been identified before the crime has been committed. This is typical in sting operations, and when informants have contacted law enforcement to provide information on a crime they have received from a third party. The informant may know the suspect personally, and the suspect may have even directly stated the crime he or she was planning to commit. In some instances, such investigations likely assist in preventing heretical future crimes from occurring. 6. Q: Discuss the various types of criminal investigations.A: Among the types of investigations that criminal investigators regularly conduct are background investigations, which are used in pre-employment applicant screenings to determine whether a person is suitable and qualified for a position in which the public trust will be placed on their shoulders; Suspected violations of criminal law, which can range from something as simple as possession of illegal drugs or stolen property, to something as serious as terrorism and murder; violations f civil law, which are investigated to determine financial liability on the part of the defendant, and Vice, which is drug activity and organized crime activity. The crime scene unit provides services such as crime processing, identifying fingerprints, and forensic photos. This unit responds to serious crime scenes to find, preserve, document, and collect evidence. This unit also helps identify unknown victims, suspects, witnesses, etc. , and works closely with the detective bureau in follow up investigations, in addition to suspect location, apprehension and arrest.